Test, Assessment, Measurement, Evaluation, Nominal, Ordinal, Interval and Ratio

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Test vs. Evaluation

  • Organized set of procedure, questions, tasks which produces interpretable quantitative results meant to reflect an individual’s level of characteristics.

  • Results have meaning

  • Decisions are based on those results

  • A test or quiz is used to examine someone’s knowledge of something to determine what he or she knows or has learned. Testing measures the level of skill or knowledge that has been reached.

  • Evaluation is the process of making judgments based on criteria and evidence.

  • Assessment is the process of documenting knowledge, skills, attitudes and beliefs, usually in measurable terms. The goal of assessment is to make improvements, as opposed to simply being judged

Test vs. Evaluation

Test vs. Evaluation

  • Organized set of procedure, questions, tasks which produces interpretable quantitative results meant to reflect an individual’s level of characteristics.

  • Results have meaning

  • Decisions are based on those results

  • A test or quiz is used to examine someone’s knowledge of something to determine what he or she knows or has learned. Testing measures the level of skill or knowledge that has been reached.

  • Evaluation is the process of making judgments based on criteria and evidence.

  • Assessment is the process of documenting knowledge, skills, attitudes and beliefs, usually in measurable terms. The goal of assessment is to make improvements, as opposed to simply being judged

Assessment

assessment of Reasoning

Assessment of Reasoning

  • Reasoning and science under testing, assessment or evaluation is same

  • Assessment is processed to gather and analyse data for a particular purpose to make improvements

  • Test is for the purpose of making decision

Measurement

measurement of Assigning numbers

Measurement of Assigning Numbers

  • Assigning numbers to represent quantities, qualities, things and ideas

  • Assigned number is score and its assignment is based on rules

  • Nominal – in name only – 1 as red, 2 as black….

  • Ordinal – how much there is – 1st, 2nd

  • Interval – equal amount of difference

  • Ratio – twice the number of cats than neighbor - without any negative number is allowed.

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