Vivekananda: Vivekananda's Ideology on Religion and Views on Nationalism

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  • “ You have to grow from the inside out.

  • None can teach you ; none can make you spiritual

  • There is no other teacher but your own soul. “

  • Swami Vivekananda, known in his pre-monastic life as Narendranath Dutta was born in an affluent family in Kolkata on January 12, 1863.

  • A precocious boy, Narender excelled in music, gymnastics and studies.

  • Born with yogic temperament, he used to practise meditation even from his boyhood.

  • Swami Vivekananda , India’s first spiritual and cultural ambassador to the West, proclaimed the universal message of Vedanta , the non-duality of Godhead , the divinity of the soul , the oneness of existence and the harmony of religions.

  • He displayed sharp intellect.

  • Excelled in his studies first at Metropolitan Institution and later in Presidency college in Calcutta.

  • By the time graduated from the college , he had acquired a vast knowledge of different subjects .

  • Active in sports , gymnastics , wrestling and body building .

  • Love music both vocal and instrumental.

  • Vivekananda possessed a high degree of mastery of both Indian and Western philosophy.

  • His performed knowledge of Indian and philosophical school including Hinduism , Buddhism and Jainism are reflected in his writings.

  • Vivekananda was a true nationalist in heart and spirit.

  • He was an ardent patriot and he had tremendous love for the country.

Vivekananda’S Ideology on Religion

  • Each soul is potentially divine.

  • The goal is to manifest this divinity within by controlling nature , external and internal.

  • The greatest religion is to be true to your own nature Have faith in yourself.

  • Vivekananda believes that main core of all religion is same.

  • The variations that we see only result of the circumstances in which the religion had developed.

  • Vivekananda felt if the religion is understood by everybody in its true perspective and its essence properly grasped much of our miseries, mutual conflicts and social evils would be automatically resolved.

Views on Nationalism

  • Swami Vivekananda’s nationalism is associated with spiritualism .

  • Based on Humanism and Universalism.

  • He was strong believer of universal brotherhood.

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