Feminist Criticism: Introduction English YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Feminist Criticism

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  • Judith Fetterley
  • “Feminist Criticism is a political act whose aim is not simply to interpret the world, but to change it by changing the consciousness of those who read and their relation to what they read”
  • 1960s
  • Literature – Phallocentric
  • Gender politics

Three Waves

  • First Wave (late 1700s – early 1900s)
  • Grew out of Abolitionism
  • Mary Wollstonecraft
  • Susan B Anthony and Victoria Woodhull

Second Wave

  • 1960s to 1980s
  • Equality
  • Simone de Beauvoir
  • Elaine Showalter

Third Wave

  • Mid 1990s
  • Resisted second wave
  • Borrowed from Post Structural and contemporary gender and race theories
  • Alice Walker

French Feminism

  • French intellectuals
    • Julia Kristeva
    • Helene Cixous
    • Luce Irigary
  • Reshaped by adding philosophical focus to feminist theory
  • Post- Structuralist and psychoanalytical tools
  • Ecriture feminism

Key Terms

  • I. Gynocriticism
  • Elaine Showalter – Towards a Feminist Poetics
  • Female authors
  • Lost or Neglected Women writers
  • Textual Meaning construction
  • Elaine Showalter- A Literature of Their Own
  • Gilbert and Gubar- A Madwoman in the Attic
  • Patricia Meyer Spacks- The Female Imagination

Ecriture Feminism

  • Helene Cixous- The Laugh of the Medusa
  • “Write! Writing is for you, you are for you; your body is yours, take it” .
  • About their own self and bodies
  • Openness, inclusiveness, digression
  • Opposite to utilitarian, authoritarian, elitist and hierarchical.


0: 00 Feminist Criticism

0: 20 Introduction of Feminist Criticism

1: 34 Three Waves of Feminist Criticism

1: 45 First Wave of Feminist Criticism

2: 38 Second Wave of Feminist Criticism

3: 20 Third Wave of Feminist Criticism

4: 17 French feminism

5: 35 Keyterms in Feminist Criticism

6: 33 Ecriture Feminism

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