Climate Change – Environment, Tianjin Climate Change Conference: October 3 − 9,2010

Doorsteptutor material for competitive exams is prepared by world's top subject experts: get questions, notes, tests, video lectures and more- for all subjects of your exam.

July 2011

  • National Environmental Appraisal and Monitoring Authority would soon be setup

India UK

  • UK-India Business Climate Leaders Group has been constituted. Comprising of leading CEOs the group will work on synergistic business for carbon reduction and joint work to evolve national emission reduction strategies.
  • FDI could be streamlined into low carbon initiatives.

UNCTAD report says:

  1. Transnational corporations must be factored into global efforts to mitigate climate change since these corporations are the major emitters as well as innovators of low carbon technology.
  2. Instead of focusing on national targets the performance of individual firms should be evaluated and improved.
  3. Create a single global standard for corporate greenhouse gas emission disclosure. This would greatly boost the accuracy of emissions monitoring and correction.

Tianjin Climate Change Conference: October 3 - 9,2010

  • Developed countries to evolve strategy to start releasing the $ 30 bn allocated for CC finance fund during COP-15
  • Major divide between China and US over binding emission cuts issue
  • Divide between developing and developed countries over latter՚s use of trade restrictions to limit the import of goods from the former which do not adhere to carbon emission norms.
  • Convergence on the issue of deforestation which is estimated to produce more carbon emission than transport. (REDD: Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation)

Need for Trans-Boundary Cooperation in Climate Change

  • At the SAARC summit at Thimpu in 2001, the South Asian nations agreed on a 16-point action plan for climate change, including measures like planting 10 million trees in the next five years and setting up inter-governmental marine, mountain and monsoon initiatives.
  • India and Bangladesh have decided to set up the Sunderban Eco-System Forum to protect the 10000 sq. Km. Of mangroves that span both countries
  • India, China and Nepal agreed on a framework, the Kailash Sacred Landscape intitiative, to conserve the ecosystem of Mount Kailash.
Trans-Boundary Cooperation in Climate Change

Proposals to Deal with Climate Change in India

  • It is necessary that technology lock-in should be avoided. The approach towards building cities & infrastructure can determine the amount of emissions.
  • Data from 3 developed countries corroborates this point. While US has a per capita Co2 emission of 19.5 tonnes (2006) , UK has 9.1 & France 6.4.
  • This is because France followed a policy of urbanisation where by compact cities were encouraged.
Proposals to Deal with Climate Change in India

National Mission on Climate Change

  • Climate change and agriculture
    • National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture
    • ₹ 350 crore allocated for this scheme during the rest of the period of the 11th FYP
    • About 1 lakh farmers from 100 districts in various states will benefit from the on-farm demonstration of climate resilient technologies that will be undertaken under the scheme

Other Important Things

  • Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Puraskar – 1987. In 2008, Isha Foundation got it By MoEF. Given to both individuals and organisations. First to Bombay Natural History Society.
  • National Natural Resources Management System: It is a national level inter-agency system for integrated natural resources management in the country. Supports the optimal utilization of the natural resources of the country by the use of remote sensing data. Do Space is the nodal agency. Estd. 1983.

Important Points of Climate Change

  • India՚s per capita energy consumption (2006 figures) question is at oil equivalent compared to the world average of oil equivalent. China has a per capita energy consumption of oil equivalent, which has been rapidly rising since 2002, and the US average of oil equivalent. The annual growth in India՚s per capita energy consumption has been minimal.
  • India՚s submission to reduce the emission intensity of its economy by per cent by 2020 can he bettered through these two options. India has already announced its national solar mission and an enhanced energy efficiency mission is in the works.

Developed by: