Philosophical Basis of Public Servants-Notes for Competitive Exams

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  • Public good vs Private good

  • Welfare state theory

  • Rights based state

Principles of in Promoting Transparency?

  • Maximum disclosure

  • Obligation to publish

  • Promotion of open government

  • Limited scope of exceptions

  • Process to facilitate access

  • Costs

Work Culture

  • Paradigm by which people operate in an organization

  • Good work culture

    • employees are passionate about work

    • Satisfied with work

    • Opportunity to grow

    • Healthy competition

  • Ex. private org, google, facebook

Improving Work Culture

  • cleanliness, ergonomics

  • Women concerns

  • Team work

  • Consultative decision making

  • Reducing layers in decision making

  • Recreational activities

Using Public Funds

  • Improving collection

  • Outcome budgeting, zero-based budgeting

  • audit

  • Increase scrutiny/participation by

    • Legislature

    • Civil society

Forms of Corruption

Image of forms of corruption

Image of Forms of Corruption

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Cost of Corruption

  • Corruption in developing countries

  • Resource diversion

  • Environmental degradation

  • Poverty

  • Moral fiber of the society

  • Quality of policy making

  • Economic growth

  • Flight of capital

  • Institutional capacity

  • Alienation of people from government

Combating Corruption

  • Right to review of decisions

  • Right to obtain reasons for decisions

  • Right to be heard

Ethics Infrastructure

  • A law enumerates core principles and institutional structure to implement it

  • Every department designs its own CoC,CoE as per the guidelines of the act

  • Mechanisms for enforcement