Right to Information for Competitive Exams Part 4

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India and the World Scenario Before the Right to Information Act-

In the UK ′ s world, government secret laws were made. When there was such a law in Britain, India had no reason to keep it. That same year, India has also been applied in 1889, the Law of Official Secrets ′ . In order to curb journalism over time, some provisions were further tightened in 1904 by amending the law. Under this, all the crimes were made as Cognizable and non-bona fide. Later, there were many changes in the law in Britain and India. Finally, the new law in India became the ′ Government Intelligence Act, 1923 ′ . That law is still applicable in the country, even though the information the authority has given him irrelevant.

In the Official Secrets Act 923, no definition has been given as ‘confidentiality’ . That is why the name of black law is being given. It is dependent on the government that he will confess anything to the secret. That law is enough for anyone resent to prison at any agreement ‘confidential’ general government documents. In this form, this law has given the executive the absolute right over unlimited, undefined. However, in this the court can decide whether a thing is confidential or not. However, if the executive wishes, it can easily oppress a citizen or journalist with the help of this law.

After independence, many important institutions/commissions recommended changing or altering this law. The First Press (Imprint) Commission, 1954 also repeated this point. Deshmukh Study Group, 1st Administrative Reforms Commission, 1968 has demanded for removal of irregular and unnecessary provisions of the Government՚s privacy related provisions, which inhibit the flow of information. The Law Commission of India has suggested in its report on ‘National Security’ in 1971, citing section 5 of the Official Secrets Act, 1923 that on such general disclosures, which do not affect the interest of the State, should not be prosecuted. Similar recommendation was made by the Indian Press Council, 1981, in its report entitled ‘Official Secrecy and the Press’ . The second press (Imprint) Commission, 1982 also demanded repeal of it.

Regardless of these recommendations, the law has so far maintained that although the right to information has made it irrelevant. The Second Administrative Reforms Commission, set up under the chairmanship of Veerappa Moily, has suggested to repeal this law. Judge Berger of the U. S. said in the suit of Rosenblatt versus Bear (1966,383, US 75 - 49 - 95) - ″ The right to listen to public is inherent in his right to speak. ″ Right to Information for Common Citizens is more important than the government or any repugnant licensee or a person to broadcast his thoughts on any topic. ″

According to Herald J. Laski - “who finds reliable and not get actual notifications, their independence is in danger. No sooner they have destroyed naturally. Truth is the main heritage of any nation and whoever tries to hide it or who is afraid of being exposed, it is destined to be ruined.”