Right to information for Competitive Exams Part 7

Get top class preparation for UGC right from your home: Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention.

Some Important Facts

  • Before becoming a central law in the context of the Right to Information, nine states- It had got this right in Tamil Nadu (1997), Goa (1997), Rajasthan (200), Karnataka (2000), Delhi (2001), Assam (2002), Madhya Pradesh(2002), Maharashtra(2002), Jammu and Kashmir(2004).

  • Karnataka is the first state that tried to introduce the right to information.Although did not get success.

  • The Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly passed the Right to Information Bill April 17, 1997. Tamilnadu Chief Minister Karunanidhi got credit for making such a first law in India. Three months later, in July 1997, the Goa Assembly got the distinction of being the second state by passing the bill.

  • Madhya Pradesh government has prepared Madhya Pradesh Right to Information bill. In 1997 it faced heavy opposition in the cabinet. In 1998, the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly passed the bill and surprisingly sent the President to the President for approval. This bill never returned. Five years later, in 2003, the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly again adopted the new bill.( However Harsh Mandar, Commissioner of Bilaspur division of Madhya Pradesh, from 1995 to 1997 make important efforts to make transparency in documents related to public details system, transport, rural development schemes, literacy, employment.)

  • Rajasthan is that state, where the most extreme movement was the first and the most important for the right to information. Due to heavy public pressure, in 1995 Chief Minister Bhairon Singh Shekhawat assured in the Legislative Assembly that the Right to Information will be implemented soon, But the public had to struggle for the next five years continuously.

  • The Right to Information Bill passed in Maharashtra on 1 December 2000, but it was very weak. Various important information was banned in this case, so the informationalists seemed to be very inadequate. This was the reason that Anna Hazare called for strong action in the state and pressured to make a better law. The Maharashtra government set up a committee on September 10, 2007 to form a new bill, and in April 2002 a new bill came into this assembly. Also an ordinance was brought on 23 September 2002. In March 2003 both the Houses of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly passed the bill and got President's approval on August 10, 2003. This Ordinance was implemented from September 23, 2002.

  • In May 2001, the Right to Information Bill was introduced in Delhi and it was deemed to have been effective from 02 October 2002.

  • Uttar Pradesh passed the Code of Practice On Access Information 2009. However, due to its limited limitations its special relevance has not been shown.

  • Finally, in the year 2005, the Central Law of Information came out in its real form.