Right to information for Competitive Exams Part 8

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Right to Information Act, 2005

In order to bring transparency in government and administrative work, the Government of India passed the Right to Information Act in June 2005. This is an important effort to ensure public participation in the democratic process.

Right to Information was given the status of a fundamental right under section 19 (1) of the Constitution. Under section 19 (1), every citizen has been given freedom of speech and expression and he also has the right to know how the government works, what is the role, what work it is, etc. Every citizen pays the tax. Therefore, he has every right to know how the amount given by him as tax is being used.

Right to Information Act gives every citizen the overhead to ask questions to the government and It can be demanded in comments, summaries or certified copies of documents or certificates of the record or certified specimens of the material.

The RTI Act applies in whole India (excluding Jammu and Kashmir). This includes all the entities under the notification of the government and also includes NGOs whose ownership, control or partial funding is done by the government.

The information under the Right to Information is from the material, under which any record held in electronic form, document, memorandum, e-mail, vote, advice, press release, circular order, logbook, contract, report, paper sheet sampling, model and statistics related content. Also, such information related to a private system is also included, as long as a public authority can be reached under the law.