Eva Morris, Ferdinand Magellan, Gallileo, George Washington and Gopal Krishna Gokhale

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Eva Morris

The World՚s oldest woman died in London on November 3,2000 six days short of her 115th birthday. She was officially recognised in March 2000 as the oldest woman in the world by the Guinness Book of World Records. Ms. Morris took the title because her date of birth could be fully authenticated.

Ferdinand Magellan

A Portuguese Sailor who commanded the first expedition to sail round the world. He discovered the Magellan Strait and gave the Pacific Ocean his name. He died before the completion of the first voyage round the world. Florence


He was an Italian Scientist and professor of Mathematics. He invented the telescope and devoted his life to the study of astronomy.

George Washington

An American General who led the revolt against the British and declared American՚s Independence. He became the first President of the United States.

Giri, V. V

The fourth President of India died in Madras on June 23,1980. He was Vice-President from 1967 to 1969. A recipient of the Bharat Ratna, he had distinguished himself as a pioneer in the field of organised labour, legislator, parliamentarian, diplomat and statesman. He is the author of “Job for Our Millions” . He was awarded the Bharat Ratna for the year 1975.

Gopal Krishna Gokhale

An able Indian statesman whom Gandhi regarded as his politician Guru. He served as the President of the Indian National Congress in 1907. Servants of India Society was founded by him.

Guglielmo Marconi

Italian Electrical Engineer who invented wireless telegraphy and radio. He received Nobel Prize for physics for 1909 jointly with Ferdinand Braun of Germany for development wireless.

Gunnar Myrdal

The renowned economist who used his background in Sweden՚s welfare state to unite classic works about the poor in America and in developing countries. The author of “An American Dilemma” he shared in 1974 Nobel Prize in Economics. He was a widower of Alvar Myrdal, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate. Author of “Asian Drama” .

Guru Gobind Singh

He was the real founder of the Sikh power. He is the tenth and last Guru of the Sikhs. He was a great warrior and writer. He re-organised the sect at Anandpur Sahib and called as “the Khaslas” . This Guru Gobind Singh transformed the religious sect of the Sikhs into an army of warrior-saints. For this reason, the day of Baisakhi is very important in Sikh history.

Guru Nanak

Guru Nanak was born in 1469 at Talwandi now called Nankana Sahib in the West Pakistan. He was opposed to caste system, idol worship and untouchability. He founded the Sikh religion.

Guru Tegh Bahadur

The ninth Guru of the Sikhs lived in Anandpur Sahib. He protested against the anti-Hindi policy of Aurangzeb. He was summoned to Delhi and asked to embrace Islam, which he refused. So, he had to suffer martyrdom in 1675. His son Guru Gobind Singh therefore organised Sikhs into a military organisation and fought against Mughals all through his life.

Harsha Vardhana

Harsha Vardhana was the last great Hindu King of Northern India. One of the noblest and most accomplished kings known to history. He combined in himself the qualities of both Ashoka and Samudragupta. Harsha was a great poet and dramatist. He wrote three drama՚s in Sanskrit namely Ratnavali, Naganandan and Priyadershika. Banabhatta wrote Harshacharita which is a valuable source of information about his reign. Hieun Tsang has given vivid description about Harsha՚s reign. Nalanda University founded by Kumara Gupta I was at the height of its fame.

Hillary Rodham Clinton

The wife of former US President, Mr. Bill Clinton, scored a historic victory in the American history by winning the US Senate seat from New York on November 7,2000 becoming the first wife of a President ever elected as a Senator. She defeated Republican Congressman, Mr. Rick Lazio.


He was the ill-fated king among the Mughal rulers of India. In the battle of Kanauj he was defeated by Sher Shah Suri. While he was coming down the stairs of his storey at Delhi, he fell down and died shortly. The word ‘Humayun’ means ‘fortunate’ but it is an irony of fate that Humayun proved a most unfortunate king. “He tumbled through life and tumbled out of it” .

Indira Gandhi

The daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru was the Prime Minister for 15 years. She was shot dead by her own security man on Oct. 31,1984. She was the recipient of Bharat Ratna in 1971.

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar

A great social and religious reformer, a great Sanskrit scholar with a heartful of sympathy for the poor, fought for the upliftment of Indian women and helped in the passing of ‘Widow Remarriage Act, 1856’ .

Jagjivan Ram

The former Deputy Prime Minister of Janata regime and Congress President. One of the country՚s ablest political administrators.

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