Competitive Exams: Chemical Names and compounds

Common Name

Chemical Name

Chemical Formulae

Dry Ice

Solid Carbondioxide

CO2

slaked Lime

Calcium Hydroxide

Ca (OH) 2

Bleaching Powder

Calcium Oxychloride

CaOCl2

Nausadar

Ammonium Chloride

NH4Cl

Caustic Soda

Sodium Hydroxide

NaOH

Rock Salt

Sodium Chloride

NaCl

Caustic Potash

Potassium Hydroxide

KOH

Potash Alum

Potassium Aluminium Sulphate

K2SO4 Al2 (SO4) 3.24H2O

Epsom

Magnesium Sulphate

MgSO4.7H2O

Quick Lime

Calcium Oxide

CaO

Plaster of Paris

Calcium Sulphate

(CaSO4) ½ H2O

Gypsum

Calcium Sulphate

(CaSO4). 2H2O

Green Vitriol

Ferrous Sulphate

FeSO4.7H2O

Mohr's Salt

Ammonium Ferrous Sulphate

FeSO4 (NH4) 2 SO4.6H2O

Blue Vitriol

Copper Sulphate

CuSO4.5H2O

White Vitriol

Zinc Sulphate

ZnSO4.7H2O

Marsh Gas

Methane

CH4

Vinegar

Acetic Acid

CH3COOH

Potash Ash

Potassium Carbonate

K2CO3

Hypo

Sodium Thiosulphate

Na2S2O3.5H2O

Baking Powder

Sodium Bicarbonate

NaHCO3

Washing Soda

Sodium Carbonate

Na2CO3.10H2O

Magnesia

Magnesium Oxide

MgO

Chalk (Marble)

Calcium Carbonate

CaCO3

Lunar Caustic

Silver Nitrate

AgNO3

Laughing Gas

Nitrous Oxide

N2O

Chloroform

Tricholoro Methane

CHCl3

Vermelium

Mercuric Sulphide

HgS

Borax

Borax

Na2B4O7.10H2O

Alcohol

Ethyl Alcohol

C2H5OH

Sugar

Sucrose

C12H22O11

Heavy Water

Duterium Oxide

D2O

Globar's Salt

Sodium Sulphate

Na2SO4.10H2O

T. N. T

Tri Nitrotoluene

C6H2CH3 (NO2) 3

Calomel

Mercurous Chloride

HgCl

Sand

Silicon Oxide

SiO2