Competitive Exams: Jainism

  • Jainism founded by Rishabha.

  • There were 24 Tirthankaras (Prophets or Gurus), all Kshatriyas. First was Rishabhnath (Emblem: Bull).

  • The 23rd Tirthankar Parshwanath (Emblem: Snake) was the son of King Ashvasena of Banaras.

  • The 24th and the last Tirthankar was Vardhman Mahavira (Emblem: Lion). He was born in kundagram (Distt Muzaffarpur, Bihar) in 599 BC.

  • His father Siddhartha was the head of Jnatrika clan.

  • His mother was Trishla, sister of Lichchavi Prince Chetak of Vaishali.

  • Mahavira was related to Bimbisara.

  • Married to Yashoda, had a daughter named Priyadarsena, whose husband Jamali became his first disciple.

  • At 30, after the death of his parents, he became an ascetic.

  • In the 13th year of his asceticism (on the 10th of Vaishakha), outside the town of Jrimbhikgrama, he attained supreme knowledge (kaivalya).

  • From now on he was called Jaina or Jitendriya and Mahavira, and his followers were named Jains. He also got the title of Arihant, i.e.. worthy.

  • At the age of 72, he attained death at Pava, near Patna, in 527 BC.

  • Mahavira preached almost the same message as Parshvanath and added one more, Brahmcharya (celibacy) to it.