2 Major Theories in Mountain Building-Geosynclinal Orogen & Plate Tectonic Theory YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Classification of Mountain

Classification of Mountain

Classification of Mountain

Mountains Building Meaning

  • The geological processes such as tectonic plate movement and volcanic activity by which mountains are formed.

  • New mountains are built when rocks are pushed upwards by the movement of the giant rocky plates that make up the Earth’s layer.

  • Mountains can be classified based on various types like tectonic and relict mountains. Tectonic mountains are further classified as mountains of deformation and accumulation.

Classification of Mountains

  • Based on Geography

  • Based on Period of Origin

  • Based on Process of Origin

Based on Geography

  • Cordillera

  • Mountain System

  • Mountain Range

  • Mountain Ridge

Based on Period of Origin

  • Pre-Cambrian

  • Caledonian

  • Hercynian

  • Alpine

Based on Process of Origin

  • Fold or Complex Mountain

  • Young Fold

  • Old Fold

  • Fault Block Mountain

  • Volcanic Mountain

  • Denuded or Erosional Mountain

Image of World

Image of World

Image of World