Goh Cheng Leong: Chapter 16 YouTube Lecture Handouts Geography

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Goh Cheng Leong Chapter 16: Tropical Monsoon & Tropical Marine Climate

Certificate Physical & Human Geography Goh Cheng Leong

Chapter 16: Tropical Monsoon & Tropical Marine Climate

Arctic or Polar Type


  • Seasonal Winds
  • On shore wet monsoon – summer
  • Off shore dry monsoon – winter
  • Monsoon: India, Burma, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, South China, North Australia
  • Maritime: C. America, West Indies, NE Australia, Philippines, E. Africa, Madagascar, Guinea & East Brazil

Climate – Tropical Monsoon

  • Landmass is heated in summer in N. H. (more than 15 than normal) – Low pressure develops in Indian mainland & HP in Australia
  • Seasonal reversal of winds

Seasons – Tropical Monsoon

  • Cool Dry (Oct to Feb)
  • Hot Dry (March to June)
  • Rainy (June to Sept)
  • Retreating Monsoon – after mid Sept (NE monsoon)

Climate – Tropical Marine

  • On east coast of tropical lands
  • Receive rain from trade winds all time
  • Favorable for habitation
  • Has severe tropical cyclones


  • Deciduous – dry period & shed leaves
  • In heavy rainfall – forest – open and less luxuriant than equatorial
  • Summer – thorny scrub or savanna – scattered tree & tall grass
  • Timber: durable hardwood – teak – Burma (3 ⁄ 4th of world production)


  • Dense population – small farms – man is land hungry, high density
  • Tropical agriculture – rainfall 7 large labour force – farming – India, China, SE Asia, East Brazil & West Indies
  • Wet Paddy
  • Lowland Cash Crop
  • Highland Plantation Crop
  • Lumbering
  • Shifting Cultivation

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