Hans Carol Geographical Stages of Development Youtube Lecture Handouts

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Hans Carol

Dr. Manishika Jain explains Hans Carol geographical Stages of Development in Cultural Geography. The lecture explains the 5 stages given by Carol as:1. Adaptation2. Domestication3. Diversification4. Mechanization5. Automation

Fundamental problems of human or "cultural" geography: the occupation of the earth by man.

  • Three ways of approaching this problem:

    • by historical description

    • by abstraction and generalization

    • by theoretical formulas.

  • Expressions of civilization is contemplated as influence on the environment as technology

  • Technological advances in the history of mankind can be reduced to five major types:

    • Stage I: adaptation

    • Stage II: domestication

    • Stage III: diversification

    • Stage IV: mechanization

    • Stage V: automation

  • Physical frameworks of human occupation are of fifteen major types derived from the idealized continent and the climate classification system formulated by Köppen.

  • Influence of civilization on the environment, expressed as a matrix made up of five "cultural" variables and fifteen natural variables.

Geographical Stages of Development

Tool Making

Tool Making Image

Tool Making Image

Tool Making Image

Technological Revolution

Technological Revolution Image

Technological Revolution Image

Technological Revolution Image

Human Economic Groups

Human Economic Groups Image

Human Economic Groups Image

Human Economic Groups Image

Bobek – Main Stages of Socio-Economic Evolution from Geographical Point

Bobek – Main Stages Image

Bobek – Main Stages Image

Bobek – Main Stages Image

Basis of Carol’S Theory

  • Cultural Geography as study of culture of earth or study of impact of culture on earth’s shell

  • Apply stronger abstractions to existing terminologies for wider applications

Stages Given by Carol

Stages Given by Carol Image

Stages Given by Carol Image

Stages Given by Carol Image

Adaptation

Domestication

Diversification

Mechanization

Automation