Human Geography Fundamentals Youtube Lecture Handouts

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Human Geography: Fundamentals

Agenda

  • What is Geography?

  • What is Human Geography?

  • Five Basic questions in Geography

  • Pattison’s Four Traditions

To download sample questions and notes visit www.doorsteptutor.com

What is Geography?

  • Geos (Earth) + Graphis (to Describe)

  • Study of spatial (location) variation

  • How and why things differ from place to place on earth’s surface

  • Study of how observable spatial patterns evolved through time

What Do Geographers Do?

Major Geographers

  • Aristotle – Gave earth as spherical in shape

  • Eratosthenes – Gave the term geography, calculated circumference of earth

  • Ptolemy – Led concept of latitude and longitude

  • Al Idrisi - worked for King of Sicily to create accurate representation of world

  • Humboldt - Kosmos," explained work in geography and natural science

  • Ritter – Holistic approach

Understanding Ambit of Geography

Image of Ambit of Geography

Image of Ambit of Geography

Image of Ambit of Geography

Spatial Processes

Image of Spatial Processes

Image of Spatial Processes

Image of Spatial Processes

Relation of Geography to Other Subjects

Image of Relation of Geography

Image of Relation of Geography

Image of Relation of Geography

Human Geography

Image of Human Geography

Image of Human Geography

Image of Human Geography

Understanding Human Geography

  • Relates to cultural aspects

  • Relates to spaces and places where they originate

  • Relates to continuous movement across various areas

Must Know in Human Geography

  • Human impact on nature

  • Impact of nature on humans

  • People’s perception of environment

  • Main proponent – Carl Sauer – “Cultures develop because of landscape (geographical unit)”

Branches of Human Geography

Image of Branches of Human Geography

Image of Branches of Human Geography

Image of Branches of Human Geography

Themes of Geography

Image of Five Themes of Geography

Image of Five Themes of Geography

Image of Five Themes of Geography

Location

  • Absolute and Relative Location

  • Absolute Location: Where is ____?

  • Relative Location: Where is ____ relative to where I am?

  • Terms: Latitude and longitude, site and situation, direction, distance, scale

  • Must to Know: Map reading, identification

Examples: Identify Location

  • Three houses down the street from mine

  • In front of the bank

  • Across the church

  • 123 Main Street

  • Latitude longitude

Human Environment Interaction

  • What human-environment relationships are occurring?

  • How do they affect the place and its inhabitants?

  • Terms: Ecosystems, ecological pyramids, food chain, food webs, natural resources, environmental pollution

  • Must to Know: Evaluate and analyze

Region

  • How has this spatial pattern developed?

  • Will it continue to change?

  • What does it mean for the places involved?

  • Terms: Formal vs. functional vs. perceptual regions

  • Must to Know: Synthesis, application

Types of Regions

Image of Types of Regions

Image of Types of Regions

Image of Types of Regions

Examples: Identify Type of Regions

  • India

  • Texas

  • Amazon River Basin

  • Corn Belt of USA

  • I-80 Corridor

  • Chinatown

  • Midwest

Place

  • What does ____ look like?

  • Why and How is it different from ____?

  • Terms: Physical and cultural landscapes, sense of place e.g., Yellowstone national park, Maui island in Hawaii

  • Must to Know: Description, compare and contrast

Movement

  • How has this spatial pattern developed?

  • Will it continue to change?

  • What does it mean for the places involved?

  • Terms: Migration, diffusion, globalization

  • Must to Know: Explanation, prediction

Solve!

Sometimes people have to move to new places in search of good job. Which theme does this situation represent?

A) Movement

B) Region

C) Place

D) Human-Environment Interaction

Four Traditions of Geography

  • Given by William D. Pattison

  • Four traditions are:

    • Spatial or Locational tradition

    • Area studies or Regional tradition

    • Man-Land or Human-Environmental Tradition

    • Earth Science Tradition

Spatial Tradition

  • Mapping

  • Spatial analysis

  • Boundaries and densities

  • Movement and transportation

  • Quantitative techniques like computerized mapping and GIS

  • Central Place Theory

  • Areal distribution

  • Spatial patterns

Area Studies Tradition

  • Description of regions or areas

  • World regional geography

  • International trends and relationships

  • How regions are different from one another

  • The chorographic tradition (regions)

Man-Land Tradition

  • Human impact on nature

  • Impact of nature on humans

  • Natural hazards

  • Perception of environment

  • Environmentalism

  • Cultural, political, and population geography

Earth Science Tradition

  • Physical geography

  • Lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere

  • Earth-sun interaction

  • Branches spread to geology, mineralogy, paleontology, glaciology, geomorphology, and meteorology

  • Study of the earth as the home to humans