Competitive Exams: Indian Geography age composition

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Geological Time Scale With Reference to India - 4 Eras & 10 Periods Explained

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Age Composition

Age proportion (% of total population)

Year 0-14 15-60 Over60

1901 38.1 56.8

1951 37.5 56.9

1981 39.7 54.1

1991 37.8 55.5

This denotes higher percentage of children population, poor longetivity and higher dependency ratio. While the percentage of child population to the total population has shown fluctuating trend. The adult and aged population has shown decreasing and increasing trends respectively.

  • Dependency ratio: It is the ratio between adults on the one hand and aged along with young on the other. India's dependency ratio in 1997 stood at 65, but is expected to declined significantly to 47.3% by 2015.

Percentage of Population in the age group 0-6 (2001) in North eastern states

  • Meghalaya ...19.84

  • Arunachal Pradesh ...18.33

  • Assam ...16.33

  • Mizoram ...15.88

  • Sikkim ...14.28

  • Nagaland ... 14.09

  • Tripura ...13.38

  • Manipur ...13.09

Percentage of Population in the age group 0-6 (2001) in UT's

  • Dadar and Nagar

  • Haweli ... 17.77

  • Lakshwadeep ...14.62