Competitive Exams: Indian Geography Bauxite

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Marine Resources

Bauxite

  • Ore of aluminum metal.
  • Used in aeroplanes, automobiles, electrical.
  • Chief places: Amarkantak plateau comprising Sarguja, Raigarh. and Bilaspur, Maikal Range including Shahdol, Durg and Balaghat and Katni and Jabalpur in M. P; Ranchi, Palamau, Lohardaga and Muri (Jharkhand) ; Ratnagiri, Thane, Satara, Kolhapur in Maharashtra; Bhavnagar, Junagadh, Amreli and Jamnagar (Gujarat) , Kalahandi and Koraput (Orrisa) .
  • Two types of Bauxite: one found at Panchpatmali (largest) second found at Gandhamardan.
  • Largest reserves: Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, M P, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Bihar, Jharkhand.
  • Largest producers: Orrisa, Bihar, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Gujarat, M P Chhattisgarh. Lead
  • It occurs in the pre Cambrian rocks and the Vindhayan sediments.
  • Rajasthan produces about 80 % of the countries total production. Mainly from the Zawar region of Udaipur. Other areas in Rajasthan include RajpuraDariba area of Bhilwara and Aimer, Alwar, Banswara and Sawai Madhopur.
  • Orrisa: Sambalpur, Kalahandi, and Sundargarh.
  • Andhra Pradesh: Cuddapah, Guntur, Kurnool andNalgonda.
  • Largest producers: Rajasthan, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Sikkim.

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