List and Details of Hydel Power Stations in India Part 1

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The table below refers to the major hydel power stations of India. For detailed and comprehensive material on map location with key features and map for hydel power stations and more visit Examrace Geography Maps Series.

Hydel Power Stations Part 1
Hydel Power StationLocationFeatures
  • Dakpathar Barrage is a concrete barrage across the Yamuna River adjacent to Dakpathar
  • In a run-of-the-river scheme, the barrage serves to divert water into the East Yamuna Canal for HEP production at Dhakrani & Dhalipur Power Plants.
  • It is the tallest dam in India & one of the tallest in the world.
  • It is a multi-purpose rock and earth-fill embankment dam on Bhagirathi River near Tehri.
  • In a run-of-the-river scheme, the main purpose of the barrage is to divert water into a canal on the east bank of the river which feeds water to the Chilla Power Plant downstream upstream of Haridwar.
  • Ramganga Dam or Kalagarh Dam, is an embankment dam on the Ramganga River.
  • It is located within the Jim Corbett National Park.
  • Tanakpur is a town and a municipal board in Champawat district in the Indian state of Uttarakhand.
  • Known in the northern part of India as the gateway for the Purnagiri Temple (around 30 km from here) , Tanakpur is a calm and small town located on riverside of Sarda River.
  • It is located at the foothills and is the last plain area on the road to Kumaoun zone of Uttarakhand.
  • It acts as a junction for the Kumaon District՚s mountainous part.
Rana Pratap SagarRajasthan
  • The Ranapratap Sagar Dam is a gravity masonry dam of 53.8 metres (177 ft) height built on the Chambal River at Rawatbhata in Rajasthan in India.
  • The direct benefit from the dam is hydropower generation of 172 MW (with four units of 43 MW capacity each) at the dam toe powerhouse adjoining the spillway, with releases received from the Gandhi Sagar Dam and the additional storage created at the dam by the intercepted catchment area.
  • The power station was officially declared open on 9 February 1970 by Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India.
Gandhi SagarMadhya Pradesh
  • The Gandhi Sagar Dam is one of the four major dams built on India՚s Chambal River.
  • The dam is located in the Mandsaur district of the state of Madhya Pradesh.
  • The dam sports a 115-MW hydroelectric power station at its toe, with five 23-MW generating units each providing a total energy generation of about 564 GWh.
  • The water released after power generation is utilised for the irrigation of 427,000 hectares (1,060, 000 acres) by the Kota Barrage, which is located 104 kilometres (65 mi) downstream of the dam, near the city of Kota in the state of Rajasthan.
Mahi BajajRajasthan
  • Mahi Bajaj Sagar Dam is a dam across the Mahi River.
  • It is situated 16 kilometres from Banswara town in Banswara district Rajasthan, India.
  • The dam was constructed between 1972 and 1983 for the purposes of hydroelectric power generation and water supply.
  • It is the second largest dam in Rajasthan.
  • It is named after Shri Jamnala Bajaj.
OmkareshwarMadhya Pradesh
  • Omkareshwar Power Station is a multipurpose project, which offers opportunity of power generation & irrigation on both the banks of river Narmada in districts Khandwa, Khargone & Dhar of Madhya Pradesh.
  • The project is situated 80 km from Indore and 40 km down stream of Indira Sagar Project.
  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) sanctioned the Project with an estimated cost of ₹ 2224.73 Crores (Nov. 2002 Price Level) and total gestation period of 5 years.
  • Omkareshwar project was cleared by CCEA on 29.03. 2003.
RihandUttar Pradesh
  • Rihand Super Thermal Power Project is located at Rihand Nagar in Sonbhadra district in Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
  • The power plant is one of the coal based power plants of NTPC Limited.
  • NTPC Rihand is situated 75 km away from Renukoot railway station. By personal cab or public transport bus, one can reach Rihand Nagar. Local market outside NTPC township is Bijapur.
  • If one is interested in a bit bigger market, one has to go to Waidhan, which is 30 km away from Rihandnagar.


  • Patrata Thermal Power Station is a coal-based thermal power plant located near Patratu town in Ramgarh district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.
  • The Jharkhand State Electricity Board operates the power plant.
  • It has an average elevation of 405 metres (1328 feet) Patratu Dam was constructed under the planning of the greatest Indian engineer and father of Indian engineering, Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya.
  • This dam is only 40 km away from Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand, from where it can be reached by road in less than an hour.
  • It is directly connected to Ranchi, Patna, Jaipur Jamshedpur, Varanasi, Jammu, Jabalpur, Allahabad, Delhi and Kolkata by train.
  • Tenughat Thermal Power Station is a coal-based thermal power plant located at Lalpania in Bokaro district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.
  • The power plant is owned by Jharkhand State owned Tenughat Vidyut Nigam Limited.
  • The Tenughat Power Station is situated near Tenughat Dam in the district of Bokaro.
  • The nearest railway station is Gomia, which is about 22 Kms from the site.
  • The project is also connected by road from Ramgarh and Gomia.
  • The project was sanctioned for 3 stages, as stage-I of 2x210 MW and stage – III of 1x500 MW Tenughat Vidyut Nigam Limited was created as a separate company (Company՚s Act 1956) in 1987.
  • This unit is under commercial operation since September 1997.
  • The Koshi or Kosi River drains the northern slopes of the Himalayas in the Tibet Autonomous Region and the southern slopes in Nepal.
  • The Koshi is 720 km (450 mi) long and drains an area of about 74,500 km2 (28,800 sq mi) in Tibet, Nepal and Bihar.
  • The Sun Koshi՚s tributaries from east to west are Dudh Koshi, Bhote Koshi, Tamba Koshi and Indravati Koshi.
  • Gangtok 25 KW micro hydroelectric project commissioned by Sikkim Renewable Energy Development Agency (SREDA) was inaugurated at Hee-Bermiok on Tuesday.
  • Chnadra Maya Subba, MLA of Maneybong-Dentam, officially handed over the project, which can generate electricity for around 500 bulbs, to the Village Energy Committee.
  • Villages located downstream to the Doyang Hydro Electric Project (DHEP) under Wokha district are paying a grave price.
  • The ten affected villages, under the banner of the Downstream Affected People՚s Organization (DAPO) , have submitted a representation to the Chairman and Managing Director of the North Eastern Electric Power Corporation Limited (NEEPCO) for urgent redressal of their grievances.
  • Kopili River is an interstate river in Northeast India that flows through the states of Meghalaya and Assam and is the largest south bank tributary of the Brahmaputra in Assam.
  • The Kopili Hydro Electric Project, located across the districts of North Cachar Hills in Assam and Jaintia Hills in Meghalaya and run by the North Eastern Electric Power Corporation, consists of the Khandong and Umrongso dams and their reservoirs and three power houses that have a total installed capacity of 275 MW.
  • Loktak downstream Hydroelectric Project is located on river Leimatak in district Tamenglong in the western part of the state of Manipur and about 22km downstream of the power house of Loktak hydroelectric project.
  • Loktak Downstream Hydroelectric Project (2 x 33 = 66 MW) is situated at Tausang and Thangal village in Nungba Division of Tamenglong District in Manipur state of India.
  • The project falls in Survey of India toposheet 83 H/10 and is bounded between coordinates 24º44 ‘00″N and 93º35’ 25″E.
  • The project envisages construction of a 20m high concrete gravity dam above river bed level, a 5m dia, 5.85 km long Head Race Tunnel, one 12.5m dia, 61m deep surge shaft and surface power house to generate 66MW comprising 2 units of 33 MW each.
  • Farakka power station is a 2,100-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in West Bengal, India.
  • Two projects that were perennially short on coal through whole of last year were NTPC Ltd՚s 2,340 MW Kahalgaon station in Bihar and the 2,100 MW Farakka station in West Bengal.
  • The irony is that while Kahalgaon is located right on the pithead (at the coal mine itself, so that there is no need to transfer the coal to the plant) , Farakka is not too far.
Panchet HillJharkhand
  • Panchet Dam was the last of the four multi-purpose dams included in the first phase of the Damodar Valley Corporation.
  • It was constructed across the Damodar River at Panchet in Dhanbad district in the Indian state of Jharkhand, and opened in 1959.