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6 Vegetation Divisions of India - Geography of India

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VEGETATION & CROPS OF INDIA

Vegetation patterns of India are divided into 6 types viz., moist tropical, dry tropical, montane subtropical, montane temperate, subalpine and alpine, explained in a lucid manner by Dr. Manishika Jain.

Vegetation & Crops of India Image

Vegetation & Crops of India Image

Vegetation & Crops of India Image

H G Champions

H G Champions Image

H G Champions Image

H G Champions Image

Tropical Rain Forests

  • Include tropical evergreen forests and tropical semi-evergreen forests

  • Rainfall surplus of 200 cm, with a short dry season.

  • Archetypal Rain-Forests.

  • Limited within rainy slopes of the Western Ghats, plains of West Bengal and Orissa and North-eastern India.

  • Trees attain heights of about 60 m and above.

  • Ebony, mahogany and rosewood

Tropical Deciduous Forests

  • Cast leaves for about 6 to 8 weeks in summer.

  • Monsoon forests

  • Form a natural cover all over India, especially within regions having 200 and 75 cm of annual rainfall.

  • State of Kerala in India, eastern slopes of Western Ghats, north-eastern parts of the peninsular plateau, Himalaya mountains.

  • Cost-effective, less resistant to fire.

  • Moist and dry deciduous forests.

Moist Deciduous Forests

  • Eastern slopes of the Western Ghats, north-eastern part of the peninsula- east Madhya Pradesh, south Bihar and west Orissa, Shiwaliks.

  • Teak, Sal, and sandalwood.

Thorn Forests and Shrubs

  • Found in dry places where the annual rainfall is less than 70 cm.

  • North-western India, from Saurashtrain the south to Punjab plains in the north.

  • Extend towards northern Madhya Pradesh and south-west Uttar Pradesh, covering Bundelkhand plateau.

  • Dispersed trees with long roots, broadened in a radial pattern

Tidal or Mangrove Forests

  • Found along the coasts and rivers

  • Mangrove trees

  • Sundari

Temperate Forests and Grasslands

  • Various types of plants are found in the Himalayas varying altitudes.

  • The broad-leaved evergreen trees usually grow between altitudes of 1 km and 2 km- oak, chestnut and maple

  • Coniferous trees like pine, deodar, silver fir and spruce between altitudes 1.5 km and 3 km

  • Southern slopes of the Himalayas.

  • Temperate grasslands at higher altitudes

Alpine and Tundra Vegetation

  • Altitudes above 3.6 km

  • Stunted growth

  • Silver Fir, Pine, Juniper and Birch

  • Alpine Grasslands at higher altitudes in this region.

  • Gujjar and Bakarwal make use of this region.

  • Lichen and Mosses are found

Himalayan Vegetation

  • Tropical forests in the eastern region

  • Pine and coniferous woodlands of the western Himalayas

Desert Region

  • Thar Desert

  • Short and stout, and stunted

  • Cacti, Reunjha, Khejra, Kanju, Ak etc.

India Vegetation Map

India Vegetation Map

India Vegetation Map

India Bajra Production Map

India Bajra Production Map

India Bajra Production Map

India Barley Production

India Barley Production

India Barley Production

India Cotton, Jute & Rubber Production

India Cotton, Jute & Rubber Production

India Cotton, Jute & Rubber Production

India Rice Production Map

India Rice Production Map

India Rice Production Map

India Sugarcane Tobacco, Tea & Coffee Production

India Sugarcane Tobacco, Tea & Coffee Production

India Sugarcane Tobacco, Tea & Coffee Production

India Wheat Production

India Wheat Production

India Wheat Production