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Watch video lecture on YouTube: Indian Monsoon - Factors, Theories, Phenomena & Characteristics

Indian Monsoon - Factors, Theories, Phenomena & Characteristics

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Indian Monsoon Factors, Theories, Phenomena & Characteristics

Dr. Manishika Jain in this lecture explains the concept of Indian Monsoon. The focus areas are the factors that affect monsoon, 3 theories of monsoon, phenomena, characteristics and regional variability of monsoons.

  • Derived from the Arabic word mausin.

  • Seasonal winds- reverse their direction with the change of season.

  • Double system of seasonal winds –flow from sea to land during the summer and from land to sea during winter. Land and sea breeze on a large scale. Convection cells on a very large scale.

  • Indian Subcontinent, South East Asia, parts of Central Western Africa

  • More pronounced in the Indian Subcontinent

  • South-west monsoon in summer and north-east monsoon in winter.

    • South-west monsoons- intense low pressure system formed over the Tibetan plateau

    • Intense rainfall to most of India

    • India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Myanmar etc. south-west monsoon season

  • North-east monsoons- associated with high pressure cells over Tibetan and Siberian plateaus.

    • Mainly south-eastern coast of India

    • South East China, Japan etc., during north-east rainfall season.

Image of Indian Monsoon

Image of Indian Monsoon

Image of Indian Monsoon

SW Monsoon

Iamge of SW Monsoon

Iamge of SW Monsoon

Iamge of SW Monsoon

NE Monsoon

Image of NE Monsoon-1

Image of NE Monsoon-1

Image of NE Monsoon-1

Image of NE Monsoon-2

Image of NE Monsoon-2

Image of NE Monsoon-2

Image of NE Monsoon-3

Image of NE Monsoon-3

Image of NE Monsoon-3

Image of NE Monsoon-4

Image of NE Monsoon-4

Image of NE Monsoon-4

Image of NE Monsoon-5

Image of NE Monsoon-5

Image of NE Monsoon-5

Factors affecting monsoon are as follows

Image of NE Monsoon-6

Image of NE Monsoon-6

Image of NE Monsoon-6