Competitive Exams: Indian Geography Managanese

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Geological Time Scale with Reference to India


  • Occurs mainly in the Dharwar system of rocks.
  • Pyrolusite is the main ore.
  • India is the third largest producer after Russia and Ghana.
  • Distribution of ore (statewise) : Karnataka, Orissa, MP/Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Jharkhand.
  • Statewise production: Orissa, Karnataka, MP/Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Goa and Bihar/Jharkhand.


  • Orissa: Keonjhar, Sundargarh, Koraput, Kalahandi and Bolangir.
  • Karnataka: Bellary, Uttar Kannad, Shimoga, Tumkur, and Belgaum
  • MP: Balaghat, Chhindwara, Jabalpur and Jhabua. The belt is the continuation of the Nagpur Bhandara belt.
  • Maharashtra: Nagpur Bhandara Belt and Ratnagiri.
  • Andhra Pradesh: Associated with Khondalite rocks. Srikakulam and Vishakhapatnam.
  • Jharkhand: Birmitrapur near Chaibasa, Singhbhum, Hazaribagh, Dhanbad, Gaya and Munger.
  • Gujarat: Vadodra, Panchmahal, Banaskantha and Sabarkantha.
  • Rajasthan: Banswara and Udaipur.
  • W Bengal: Medinapur.