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Renewable Energy

Indian Scenario

11th Largest Economy & 4th Largest in Purchasing Power

Potential Ahead

Image of World Potential Renewable Energy

Image of World Potential Renewable Energy

Image of World Potential Renewable Energy

Power Scenario in India (Installed – 263.66 GW & Renewable Energy – 34.35 GW)

Image of Power Scenario In India

Image of Power Scenario in India

Image of Power Scenario In India

Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources (MNES)

  • Ministry has launched one of world’s largest and most ambitious programs on renewable energy

  • 3,700 MW are powered by renewable energy sources

  • Rural Electrification by 2012 for 1 lakh villages

Energy Sources – India

  • 57% by Coal - Mainly Central & NE India

  • 1/3rd from renewable energy – mainly hydropower

  • Next to HEP is Natural Gas

HEP

  • Energy from water

  • Major Rainfall Areas: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram & west coast between Mumbai (Bombay) and Mahe

  • Small HEP: Upto 25 MW – Identified Potential Sites 4096

  • Renovation and modernization

  • Development and up-gradation of water mills

  • Industry based research and development

Largest Hydroelectricity Producer Countries

  • China: 652.846 TWh

  • Canada: 369.539 TWh

  • Brazil: 363.304 TWh

  • USA: 250.916 TWh

  • Russia: 167.271 TWh

Countries with Highest Electricity Generation from HEP

  • China: 1,066.1 TW·h/year

  • Brazil: 411.2 TW·h/year

  • Canada: 376.7 TW·h/year

  • USA: 251.2 TW·h/year

Solar Energy

  • B/w Tropic of Cancer & Equator, average annual temperature that ranges from 25°C – 27.5 °C

  • Photovoltaic Cells – Low Energy Factor, No Moving Parts

  • Mirrors or parabolic dishes – concentrate lights

  • Installed capacity: 3744 MW (as of 2015)

  • Capacity: Gujarat > Rajasthan > MP

Image of Country Wise Solar

Image of Country Wise Solar

Image of Country Wise Solar

Installed Solar Power Capacity Countries

  • Germany: 35.736 GW

  • China: 18.528 GW

  • Italy: 17.861 GW

  • Japan: 13.947 GW

  • USA: 12.035 GW

Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission

  • Launched on 2010

  • Target to deploy 20,000 MW of grid connected solar power by 2022

  • Ecological Sustainable Growth

  • To achieve 15 million sq. meters solar thermal collector area by 2017 & 20 million by 2022.

  • To deploy 20 million solar lighting systems for rural areas by 2022

Applications

  • Concentrated Solar Power

    • Uses only Direct Normal Radiation fraction of solar radiation & solar heat for steam generation and finally electricity production.

    • Started by JNNSM

  • Solar Water Heaters

  • Domestic Use

Image of Growth of Solar In India

Image of Growth of Solar in India

Image of Growth of Solar In India

13 States: Solar Policy Supporting Grid MNRE Connected Rooftop Systems

  • Andhra Pradesh

  • Chhattisgarh

  • Gujarat

  • Haryana

  • Karnataka

  • Kerala

  • Manipur

  • Punjab

  • Rajasthan

  • Uttar Pradesh

  • Tamil Kerala

  • Manipur

  • Punjab

  • Rajasthan

  • Uttar Pradesh

  • Tamil Nadu

  • Uttarakhand

  • West Bengal

17 Solar Parks Approved – 12,759 MW

Image of 17 Solar Parks

Image of 17 Solar Parks

Image of 17 Solar Parks

Wind Energy

  • India next to Germany – Fastest growing market

  • Wind Power Potential – AP > Gujarat > Karnataka > Kerala

  • Current Installed capacity of 22645 MW

  • Installed Capacity – Tamil Nadu > Maharashtra > Gujarat > Rajasthan

Image of Country Wise Wind

Image of Country Wise Wind

Image of Country Wise Wind

Largest Wind Power Producing Countries

  • China: 114,364 MW

  • USA: 65,628 MW

  • Germany: 39,963 MW

  • Spain: 22,538 MW

  • India: 22,562 MW

  • UK: 12,597 MW

Biomass Energy

  • Top Nations: Brazil, USA (Low Cost & Indigenous Supply)

  • Includes solid biomass, biogas, liquid biofuels and municipal waste

  • Most successful forms of biomass are sugarcane bagasse (agriculture), pulp and paper residues (forestry) and manure (livestock residues)

  • Methods: Combustion, Gasification, Fermentation & Anaerobic digestion

  • Potential Biomass Production: AP > Bihar > Gujarat > Karnataka

Biomass Energy Sources

Image of Biomass Energy Sources

Image of Biomass Energy Sources

Image of Biomass Energy Sources

Tidal Power

  • Tidal energy can be harnessed in two ways: tidal stream generators & barrage generation

  • South Korea, China, United Kingdom

  • Sihwa Lake Tidal Power Plant in 2011: 254 MW capacity is the largest tidal power installation in the world

Wave Power

  • Top Nations: South Korea, Australia

  • South Korea tops due to its exposed peninsula

  • It is sporadic

Geothermal Energy

  • Till Now only 6.5% geothermal energy is tapped

  • Countries generating more than 15% electricity from geothermal sources: El Salvador, Kenya, Philippines, Iceland & Costa Rica.

Image of Top 10 Countries To Generate A Geothermal Energy

Image of Top 10 Countries to Generate a Geothermal Energy

Image of Top 10 Countries To Generate A Geothermal Energy

Targets 2022

  • Generate 175 GW by 2022 - 18.9% of entire power consumption

  • 100 GW from solar power – 40 GW from rooftop solar panels

  • 60 GW from wind

  • 10 GW from biomass

  • 5 GW from small hydro power

  • India – to Achieve 147 GW by 2020

  • $160 billion needed in next 7 years (until 2022) at an average of $23 billion per year

  • Goal is four times of India’s annual defense spending & over 10 times India’s annual spending on health and education.

Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency

  • Income tax breaks

  • Accelerated depreciation

  • Custom duty/duty free import concessions

  • Capital/Interest subsidy

  • Incentives for Detailed Project Reports (DPR) and feasibility reports

  • 100% income tax exemption for any continuous block of power for 10 years in the first 15 years of operations

  • Accelerated 100% depreciation on specified renewable energy-based devices

  • Accelerated depreciation of 80 percent in the first year of operations

  • Interest rate subsidies to promote commercialization of new technology