Competitive Exams: Indian Geography Irrigation

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Regional Development Theories

Sources of Irrigation

  • Mainly three types of sources are used for irrigation purposes in India. These are Wells (including tube wells) , Tanks and Canals.
  • 55.68 % of the total irrigated area is irrigated by Wells (Including tube well and pumping sets)
  • Canals irrigate about 32.04 % of the total irrigated land
  • Tanks contribute 5.8 % , and 6.47 % is contributed by other sources.
  • Uttar Pradesh has the largest number of tube wells in the country.

Top 5 States Using Tank Irrigation

  • Tamil Nadu
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Orissa
  • Maharashtra
  • Kerala

Top 5 States Using Canal Irrigation

  • Jammu and Kashmir: 94.3 %
  • Assam: 63.3 %
  • Haryana: 49.8 %
  • Orissa: 45.4 %
  • Karnataka: 41.3 %

Top 5 States Using Well Irrigation

  • Gujarat
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Rajasthan
  • Punjab
  • Maharashtra

Total Irrigated Land Area under Canals (In , 000 Hectares)

  • Uttar Pradesh: 3,075
  • Madhya Pradesh: 1,796
  • Andhra Pradesh: 1,539
  • Rajasthan: 1,497
  • Haryana: 1,375

Total Irrigated Land Area under Tanks (In, 000 Hectares)

  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Maharashtra
  • Orissa West
  • Bengal


  • Punjab and Haryana Upper Bari Doab (Ravi) Western Jamuna Canal (Jamuna)
  • Sirhind Canal (Sutlej) Bhakra Canal (Bhakradam) Nangal Canal (Nangal dam) Upper Bari Doab (Jamuna) of Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh
  • Lower Ganga Canal (Ganga) Upper Ganga Canal (Ganga) Eastern Jamuna Canal (Jamuna)
  • Agra Canal (Jamuna) Sharda Canal (Sharda) (longest canal of U. P) Betwa Canal (Betwa) -Bihar
  • Son Canal (Son)
  • Triveni (Triveni)
  • Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh
  • Mahanadi Canal (Mahanadi) Waiganga Canal (Waiganga) Tandula Canal (Tandula)
  • Rajasthan: Indira Gandhi Canal (Satluj, Beas) , Jawai Project (Jawai)
  • West Bengal Maymurakshi Project Kangabasti
  • Maharashtra: Pravara river Canal (Pravara) Nira Canal (Yelwandi) Mutha Canal (Mutha)
  • Andhra Pradesh Kurnool Cuddappah Canal Pochampad Project Kadam Project
  • Bukingham Canal Longest navigable canal in India. (Godawari Cauvery Delta)
  • Tamil Nadu Grand Anicut Canal Vadavar Canal Lower Bhawani Manimutthar Parambikulu Aliyar
  • Orissa Taldanda Canal Hirakund Project
  • Kerala Periyar Project Malam Puzhar
  • Karnataka: Ghatprabha Valley Scheme Bhadra Project Malprabha Project
  • Gujarat Mahi project Kadana project Dantiwada Project Ukai Project

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