Competitive Exams: Indian Geography Irrigation

Sources of Irrigation

  • Mainly three types of sources are used for irrigation purposes in India. These are Wells (including tube wells), Tanks and Canals.

  • 55.68% of the total irrigated area is irrigated by Wells (Including tube well and pumping sets)

  • Canals irrigate about 32.04% of the total irrigated land

  • Tanks contribute 5.8%, and 6.47% is contributed by other sources.

  • Uttar Pradesh has the largest number of tube wells in the country.

Top 5 states using Tank irrigation

  • Tamil Nadu
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Orissa
  • Maharashtra
  • Kerala

Top 5 states using Canal irrigation

  • Jammu and Kashmir: 94.3%
  • Assam: 63.3%
  • Haryana: 49.8%
  • Orissa: 45.4%
  • Karnataka: 41.3%

Top 5 states using Well irrigation

  • Gujarat
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Rajasthan
  • Punjab
  • Maharashtra

Total Irrigated land area under Canals (in, 000 Hectares)

  • Uttar Pradesh: 3, 075
  • Madhya Pradesh: 1, 796
  • Andhra Pradesh: 1, 539
  • Rajasthan: 1, 497
  • Haryana: 1, 375

Total Irrigated land area under Tanks (in, 000 Hectares)

  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Maharashtra
  • Orissa West
  • Bengal


  • Punjab and Haryana Upper Bari Doab (Ravi) Western Jamuna Canal (Jamuna)

  • Sirhind Canal (Sutlej) Bhakra Canal (Bhakradam) Nangal Canal (Nangal dam) Upper Bari Doab (Jamuna) of Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh

  • Lower Ganga Canal (Ganga) Upper Ganga Canal (Ganga) Eastern Jamuna Canal (Jamuna)

  • Agra Canal (Jamuna) Sharda Canal (Sharda) (longest canal of U. P) Betwa Canal (Betwa) -Bihar

  • Son Canal (Son)

  • Triveni (Triveni)

  • Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh

  • Mahanadi Canal (Mahanadi) Waiganga Canal (Waiganga) Tandula Canal (Tandula)

  • Rajasthan: Indira Gandhi Canal (Satluj, Beas), Jawai Project (Jawai)

  • West Bengal Maymurakshi Project Kangabasti

  • Maharashtra: Pravara river Canal (Pravara) Nira Canal (Yelwandi) Mutha Canal (Mutha)

  • Andhra Pradesh Kurnool Cuddappah Canal Pochampad Project Kadam Project

  • Bukingham Canal Longest navigable canal in India (Godawari Cauvery Delta).

  • Tamil Nadu Grand Anicut Canal Vadavar Canal Lower Bhawani Manimutthar Parambikulu Aliyar

  • Orissa Taldanda Canal Hirakund Project

  • Kerala Periyar Project Malam Puzhar

  • Karnataka: Ghatprabha Valley Scheme Bhadra Project Malprabha Project

  • Gujarat Mahi project Kadana project Dantiwada Project Ukai Project