Competitive Exams: Indian Geography Space

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Types of Industries and Locational Patterns

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Space relationship

  • 7th largest country (AREA) Total Area = 32, 87, 263 Sq Km. 3, 214 Km= North to South & 2, 933 Km= West to East

  • Latitudinal extent 8°4'N to 37°6'N

  • Longitudinal extent 68°7 E to 97°25'E (For mainland) -Southern most point Indira point or Pygmalion Point (Andaman and Nicobar Island) 64°5'N

  • Indian Ocean is encircled by 46 countries (27 littoral including Australia, 7 island states and 12 landlocked countries).

  • Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar separates it from Sri Lanka

  • Coastline is 6,100 Km (along main land mass) and 7,516 Km

Border Distances

  • China India 4, 225 Km

  • India Pakistan 4, 090 Km

  • India Bangladesh 3, 910 Km

  • India Myanmar 1, 450 Km

Boundary Lines

  • Durand Line: Pakistan and Afghanistan

  • Mac Mohan Line: India and China

  • Radcliff Line: India and Pakistan

  • Maginot Line: France and Germany

  • Hindenburg Line: Poland and Germany

  • Order Niesse Line: Poland and Germany

  • 38th Parallel: North and South Korea

  • 49th Parallel: USA and Canada

  • Mannerheim Line: Finland and Russia