Competitive Exams: Indian Geography Wetlands

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Environment & Geography

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Wetlands

  • Jammu and Kashmir Wular, Tsomurari

  • Himachal Pradesh Chandratal , Pong dam, Renuka,

  • Punjab Harike, Konili, Ropar

  • Rajasthan Keoldeo. Sambhar, Pichola

  • Others: Gujarat Nalsarovar, Maharashtra Ujni, Kerala Ashtamudi, Vembanad, Sastham Kotta Chandigarh: Sukhna, Madhya Pradesh Bhoj, Bihar Kabar, West Bengal East Calcutta Wet land, Orissa Chilka, Gahirmatha, Andhra Pradesh Kolleru, Manipur Loktak, Tamil Nadu-Point Calimere

Coral Reefs

Four coral reefs have been indentified for conservation and management. These are: Gulf of Mannar (fringing reef) Andaman and Nicobar Islands (fringing reef)

Lakshdweep Islands (atoll reef) Gulf of Kutch (platform reef)

Mangroves

Salt tolerant forest ecosystems found mainly in the tropical and sub tropical inter tidal regions of the world Northern Andaman and Nicobar Islands Sunderbans (W.Bengal) Bhitakanika (Orissa) Mahanadi delta (Orissa) Coringa Krishna estuary (Andhara Pradesh) Godavari delta (Andhara Pradesh)

Pichavaram (Tamil Nadu) Point Calimere (Tamil Nadu) Goa

Gulf of Kachchh (Gujarat) Coondapur (Karnataka) Vembanad (Kerala) Achra Ratcagiri (Maharastra)