NCERT Class 7 Geography Chapter 9: Life In Temperate Grasslands Youtube Lecture Handouts

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NCERT Class 7 Geography

Chapter 9: Life in Temperate Grasslands

Types of Grasslands (Dominated by Grass)

  • Tropical/Savannahs

    • Llanos – S. America

    • Cerrado – Brazil

    • Pine Savannah – Belize & Honduras

  • Temperate

    • Pampas – S. America

    • Velds – Africa

    • Prairies – N. America

    • Steppes – C. Asia

    • Canterbury Plains – New Zealand

    • Murray – Darling Basin – Australia

Prairies (N. America)

  • Flat, Low Lying, Sea of Grass

  • Latin Word – Priata (Meadow)

  • B/W Rockies in West & Great Lakes in East

  • River – Mississippi (USA) & Saskatchewan (Canada)

  • Home to American Indians (Blackfoot Indians), Apache, Crow, Cree, Pawnee

  • Warm Summer (20oC),Cold Winters (-20oC)

  • Moderate Rain, Chinook (Local Wind – Hot Wind in Winter)

Image of Prairies

Image of Prairies

Image of Prairies

Prairies (N. America)

  • Treeless – Willow, Alder, Poplar

  • Rain > 50 cm – fertile

  • Maize, Potato, Soyabean, Cotton, Alfa-Alfa

  • Low Rain – Short grass

  • Cattle Rearing - Ranches – Cowboys

  • Bison – American Buffalo

  • Rabbit, Coyote, Gopher, Prairie Dogs

  • Granaries of World – Combine (Sow, Plough & thresh)

  • Dairy Farming

  • Minerals

  • USA – Chicago, Minneapolis, Indian opolis, Kansas, Denver

  • Canada – Edmonton, Calgary, Winnipeg, Saskatoon

Velds – S. Africa

  • Rolling Plateau – 600 to 1100 m

  • B/W Drakensberg in East & Kalahari in West

  • Rivers- Orange & Limpopo

  • Winters – Cold and Dry(July is Coldest), Scanty Rain in Winters

  • Summer – Nov to Feb

  • Sparse Vegetation, Red Grass

  • Trees – Acacia & Maroola

  • Lions, Leopards, Cheetah & Kudu

Image of Velds - South Africa

Image of Velds - South Africa

Image of Velds - South Africa

Velds – S. Africa

  • Cattle Rearing & Mining

  • Maize, Wheat, Barley, Oat, Potato

  • Sheep Rearing

  • Dairy Farming – Butter & Cheese for export & domestic use

  • Iron & Steel

  • Gold – Johannesburg (gold capital of world)

  • Diamond – Kimerbeley

  • British Colony & Well- developed transport network