NCERT Class 8 Geography Chapter 6: Human Resources Youtube Lecture Handouts

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NCERT Class 8 Geography

Chapter 6: Human Resources

Human Resource

  • Ultimate Resource

  • Differ in Education, Age & Sex

  • 90% people live on 10% area

  • Most in N. Hemisphere

  • 3/4th in Asia & Africa

  • 60% in 10 Nations

Image of Human Resource

Image of Human Resource

Image of Human Resource

Density of Population

  • People on unit of Area

  • Average Density Worldwide: 45 persons/km2

  • South Central Asia > East Asia > SE Asia

Factors Affecting Population Distribution

  • Geographic

    • Climate – Sahara or Polar Regions

    • Topography - Ganga

    • Soil

    • Water

    • Mineral – Diamonds in S. Africa

  • Social - Pune

  • Cultural – Varanasi, Jerusalem

  • Economic – Osaka, Mumbai

Population Change

  • 1820 – 1 billion

  • 1970 – 3 billion (150 years)

  • 1999 – 6 billion (30 years - Doubled)

  • Birth Rate – Live Births per 1000

  • Death Rate – Deaths per 1000

  • Migration – Movement in & out (Immigration & Emigration)

  • Natural Change = BR – DR

Image of Population Increase, Population Steady And Population Decrease

Population Increase, Steady and Decrease

Image of Population Increase, Population Steady And Population Decrease

  • Kenya – High Population Growth Rate – High BR & High DR

  • UK – Low BR & DR

  • Japan & Bangladesh – Densely Populated

  • Population Composition – Structure of Population – Gender, Age, Employment, Education, Income & Health

Population/Age –Sex Pyramid

Image of Population/Age - Sex Pyramid

Image of Population/Age - Sex Pyramid

Image of Population/Age - Sex Pyramid