NCERT Class 9 Geography Chapter 1: Size & Location Youtube Lecture Handouts

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NCERT Class 9 Geography

Chapter 1: Size & Location

Location

  • Latitudes 8°4'N and 37°6'N

  • Longitudes 68°7'E and 97°25'E

  • Tropic of Cancer (23° 30'N) divides India in almost two equal halves

  • Southernmost point of Indian Union– ‘Indira Point’ - submerged under water in 2004 during the Tsunami

  • Area - 3.28 million square km

  • 2.4% area of the world

  • 7th Largest

  • Land Boundary – 15,200 km

  • Coastal Boundary including Islands - 7,516.6 km

Image of Evolution of The World's Population

Image of Evolution of the World's Population

Image of Evolution of The World's Population

  • Gujarat to Arun. P. – Time Diff – 2 hr

  • Standard Meridian of India (82°30'E) passing through Mirzapur (in UP)

  • India has longest coastline with Indian Ocean – Eminent Position – Only Ocean named after a COUNTRY

Suez Canal (1869) – Distance B/W India & Europe ↓ by 7000 Km

Image of Suez Canal (1869) - Distance b/w India and Europe ↓ By 7000 Km

Image of Suez Canal (1869) - Distance B/W India and Europe ↓ by 7000 Km

Image of Suez Canal (1869) - Distance b/w India and Europe ↓ By 7000 Km

Historical Ties

  • What reached the world?

  • Upanishads and the Ramayana

  • Panchtantra

  • Indian numerals

  • Decimal system

  • Species

  • Muslin

  • Greek – Sculpture in India

  • West Asia – Domes & minarets

  • 29 States

  • 7 UTs

  • Smallest in Area – Goa

  • Largest in Area – Rajasthan (92 times of Goa)

  • Least Population – Sikkim

  • Largest Population – UP

Image of Bordering Country List of India
Image of Bordering Country List of India

Bordering Pakistan

J & K, Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat

Bordering China

J & K, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh

Bordering Nepal

Bihar, Uttarakhand, UP, Sikkim and West Bengal

Bordering Bangladesh

West Bengal, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura and Asom

Bordering Bhutan

West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Asom

Bordering Myanmar

Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram

Bordering Afghanistan

J & K (Pakistan-Occupied Area)

Before 1947 – Types of States

  • Provinces: Ruled directly by British officials who were appointed by the Viceroy

  • Princely states: Ruled by local, hereditary rulers, who acknowledged sovereignty in return for local autonomy?

  • B/W Sri Lanka & India: Palk Strait & Gulf of Mannar

  • Maldives Islands: South of the Lakshadweep Islands

  • Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin – Tamil Nadu) – 3 seas Meet