NCERT Class 9 Geography Chapter 6: Population Youtube Lecture Handouts

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Why Population is Important?

  • Resource – human beings are producers and consumers

  • Calamity

  • Disaster

Why Census is Important?

  • First census in 1872, complete census in 1881

  • Every 10 years

  • Official enumeration of population

  • Population Size and Distribution

  • Population growth and change

  • Characteristics and quality of population – age, sex, literacy

Census Highlights 2011

  • Motto 2011 “Our Census, Our future’

  • Half of population lives in 5 states

    • Uttar Pradesh

    • Maharashtra

    • Bihar

    • West Bengal

    • Andhra Pradesh

Image of Census Highlights 2011

Image of Census Highlights 2011

Image of Census Highlights 2011

Population Distribution

Image of Population Distribution

Image of Population Distribution

Image of Population Distribution

Table of Top Populous of the Country
Table of Top Populous of The Country

Top Populous of the Country

1

Uttar Pradesh

19,98,12,341

2

Maharashtra

11,23,74,333

3

Bihar

10,40,99,452

4

West Bengal

9,12,76,115

5

Andhra Pradesh

8,45,80,777

Least Populous of the Country

1

Lakshadweep

64,473

2

Daman and Diu

2,43,247

3

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

3,43,709

4

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

3,80,581

5

Sikkim

6,10,577

Table of Highest and Lowest Population in India's State
Table of Highest And Lowest Population In India's State

Highest Populous UT

Delhi

Least Populous UT

Lakshadweep

Highest Populous state

Uttar Pradesh

Least populous state

Sikkim

Highest urban Population in India (State & UT)

Maharashtra – 4,11,00,980

Lowest urban Population in India (State & UT)

Lakshadweep – 26,967

Highest Rural Population in India (State & UT)

Uttar Pradesh – 13,16,58,339

Lowest Rural Population in India (State & UT)

Lakshadweep – 33,683

Table of Density of Population
Table of Density of Population

Density of Population (Person per sq km)

Density of Population In India

382

Highest Density In State

Delhi (11297)

Lowest Density In State

Arunachal Pradesh (17)

Population Change

  • Death Rate

  • Birth Rate

  • Migration – Internal & international

  • 1951-81 – steady increase in population

  • Since 1981- population growth declined – BR declined

Urban

  • All places with a municipality, corporation, cantonment board or notified town area committee, etc.

  • All other places which satisfied the following criteria:

    • Minimum population of 5,000

    • At least 75 per cent of the male main working population engaged in non-agricultural pursuits

    • Density of population of at least 400 persons per sq. km.

Table of Type of Towns
Table of Type of Towns

Type of Towns/UAs/OGs

Number of towns

2011 Census

2001 Census

1

Statutory Towns

4,041

3,799

2

Census Towns

3,894

1,362

3

Urban Agglomerations

475

384

4

Out Growths

981

962

  • Total urban population in India as per Census 2011 is more than 377 million constituting 31.16% of the total population

  • 3 megacities (population more than 10 million) – Greater Mumbai, Delhi & Kolkata

  • 53 million plus cities

Age Composition

Image of Age Composition

Image of Age Composition

Image of Age Composition

Sex Ratio & Child Sex Ratio

Image of Sex Ratio And Child Sex Ratio

Image of Sex Ratio and Child Sex Ratio

Image of Sex Ratio And Child Sex Ratio

Table of Sex Ratio in India
Table of Sex Ratio In India

Sex ratio in India

940

Highest sex ratio in state

Kerala (1084)

Lowest sex ratio in state

Haryana (879)

Highest sex ratio in UT

Pondicherry (1037)

Lowest sex ratio in UT

Daman and Diu (618)

Child (0-6 years) sex ratio

914

Highest child (0-6) sex ratio in state

Mizoram (971)

Lowest child (0-6) sex ratio in state

Haryana (830)

Image of Literacy Rate In India

Image of Literacy Rate in India

Image of Literacy Rate In India

Male literacy rate increased from 40.4% in 1961 Census to 82.14% in 2011 Female literacy rate increased from 15.4% in 1961 Census to 65.46% in 2011

Census 2011: A person in age limit of seven and above, who can both write and read with understanding in any of the language

Table of Total Person Literacy Rate
Table of Total Person Literacy Rate

Total Person Literacy Rate

74%

Males

82.14%

Females

65.46%

Highest Literacy Rate in State

Kerala (94%)

Lowest Literacy Rate in State

Bihar (61.8%)

Hightest Literacy Rate in UT

Lakshadweep (91%)

Lowest Literacy Rate in UT

Dadra and Nagar Haveli (76.24%)

  • Hindi 41% population.

  • Bengali (8.1%)

  • Telugu (7.2%)

  • Marathi (7%)

  • Tamil (5.9%)

  • Population of India is estimated to rise from 1.02 billion in 2001 to 1.19 billion in 2011 and 1.4 billion in 2026

Occupational Structure

  • Primary

  • Secondary

  • Tertiary

Worker Classification

  • In 1961: Any person who had worked at least one hour a day

  • In 1971: Person worked on any one of the days during the reference period of one week prior to the date of enumeration

  • 4: Cultivators, Agricultural laborers, Household industry (manufacturing, processing, service and repairs) and others

  • 1981: Main workers (>183 days/year), marginal workers and non-workers

  • 1991: 9 categories – Cultivators; Agricultural Laborers; Livestock, forestry. fishing, hunting, plantations, orchards and allied activities; Mining and quarrying; Manufacturing, processing, servicing and repairs (Household industry & Other than household industry); Construction; Trade and commerce; Transport, storage and communication & Other services

  • 2001: Cultivators, Agricultural laborers, Household industry (manufacturing, processing, service and repairs) and others

  • Birth rate

  • Death Rate

  • Nutrition

  • Girl Child

  • Family Planning Program – 1952

NPP 2000

  • Free and compulsory school education up to 14 years of age

  • Reducing infant mortality rate to below 30 per 1000 live births

  • Achieving universal immunization of children against all vaccine preventable diseases

  • Promoting delayed marriage for girls

  • Making family welfare a people-centered program