Competitive Exams: Crops Barley geography notes on production and distribution of barley in India

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Crop Combination and Crop Diversification

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Barley

  • Most ancient crop.

  • Used as human food, animal feed and malting (beer and whiskey)

  • Major beer drinking countries are therefore major barley producers e.g. France, U.K, Germany, Denmark.

  • Europe accounts for half of the world's total production.

  • Russia and China are the major producers.

  • International trade is small.

  • Greatest tolerance for arid conditions

  • grown in a wide range of climate, topographical and soil environment, where wheat fails to survive.

Can be grown in

  1. Subarctic regions

  2. Semiarid regions

  3. High Altitudes

  4. Light Limey Soils