Competitive Exams: Livestock

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Agricultural Regions and Systems


  • The British consume great quantities of lamb whereas the continental Europeans eat mainly beef and veal -Beef cattle Hereford and Aberdeen Angus.

  • Dairy cattle Ayrshire, Jersey and Guernsey.

  • Dual purpose Shorthorn and Galloway

  • Draught Zebu (Asia and Africa).

  • While beef cattle can be kept on relatively poor pastures at great distance from markets, dairy cattle are confined to the most favoured areas.

  • For dairying, the climate should with a moderate to heavy rainfall and the ground should be moisture retentive. Lowland areas are more suitable than Uplands

  • In China, dairy farming is poorly developed, where as in Japan, increasing westernization of the diet has led to the growth of dairy farming

  • India has the world's largest cattle and buffalo population and is also the largest milk producing nation.