Foundations of Mughal Empire Babur, Humayun, Sher Shah Suri YouTube Lecture Handouts Part 1

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Foundations of Mughal Empire: Babur, Humayun, Sher Shah Suri | Medieval Indian History| ICSE Class 7

Title: Foundations of Mughal Empire Babur, Humayun, Sher Shah Suri (1526 to 1556 AD)

Babur

  • India witnessed reduced and independent kingdoms
  • Daulat Khan governor of Punjab and Ibrahim Lodi՚s uncle invited Babur the king of Kabul to invade India.
Mughal Empire Babur
  • India witnessed reduced and independent kingdoms
  • Daulat Khan governor of Punjab and Ibrahim Lodi՚s uncle invited Babur the king of Kabul to invade India.
  • Born in 1483

Conquered at 14 years Lost it Soon

Conquered at 14 Years Lost It Soon
  • Founded Mughal Empire
  • Defeated Ibrahim Lodi
  • Superior War Tactics
  • Better Army
  • Better Cavalry
  • Better Artillery
  • Tough call from Afghans and Rajput՚s – had to fight more battles for consolidation
  • It is not sensible to lay back when the goal is close and motivate his soldiers
  • Broke his wine glass and gave up wine
  • Rana Sanga of Mewar
  • Rajput՚s Fought
  • Babur Undisputed Master
  • Strong Artillery and Cavalry
  • Rajput՚s Fought Again
  • None Could challenge Babur
  • Afghan Forces
  • Defeated afghans on 6th May 1529
  • Died in 1530 – legend that Humayun his eldest son fell ill and he moved 3 times around his bed

Tuzuk-I-Babri – Autobiography in Turkish - Baburnama

  • Military genius
  • Sunni Muslim
  • Poet & Author
  • Played Polo
  • Warfare – Artillery & Cavalry
  • Orthodox Sunni Muslim but not fanatic – did not allow ulema to influence decisions
  • Established gardens and orchards in Agra, Dholpur, FatehpurSikri

Humayun

  • 1530 - 1540 and then 1555 - 1556
  • Nasir-ud-din the eldest son as Humayun (fortunate)
  • Bahadur Shah Rajput (Gujarat & Malwa)
  • Sher Khan (Afghan Ruler from Bihar)
  • Kamran, Hindal, Askari (Brothers were Hostile)
  • 1st battle with Kamran- revolts broke in Bundelkhand, Jaunpur and Bihar – was able to suppress it partially when bahadur shah revolted in Gujarat
  • Humayun defeated Bahadur Shah in Gujarat in 1535 but Sher Shah in Bihar took advantage and started strengthening the position
  • 1538 – Humayun took Chunar
  • 1539 – Sher Shah attacked Humayun in Chuasa and defeated his army – became ruler of Bengal and Bihar and assumed title Sher Shah
  • Humayun became weak – Brother Kamran with 10,000 returned to Lahore but Humayun marched against Sher Shah again in 1540
  • Humayun, Askari & Hindal fought valiantly but Humayun still lost the battle; Sher Shah occupied throne of Delhi
  • Humayun wandered threw Rajasthan & Sindh and left for Persia – gathered force again
  • Conquered Kabul and Kandhar in 1945
1530 - 1540 and then 1555 - 1556
  • Sher Shah Died in 1545 and Humayun came to power again as his successors were weak
  • He recovered throne on Delhi in 1555
  • Accidental fall from staircase of library in 1556 led to his death
  • His Sister Gulbadan Begum wrote biography of Humayun as Humayunama

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