Delhi Sultanate (1206 − 1526)

Mubarak

Khalji

  • Ascended the throne after the death of Allaudin

  • Declared himself as khalifa and took the title of 'Al-wasiq-billah'

  • Issued gold coins.

Khusro Shah

  • Hindu convert, from Gujarat.

  • Murdered all the relatives of Allaudin and Mubarak Khalji.

  • Disciple of Shaikh NiIzamuddin Auliya.

Tuglaqs

Ghiyassudin Tughlaq

  • Murdered Khusro Shah and ascended the throne.

  • Adopted the title 'Ghazi".

  • First sultan to start the irrigation works.

  • Died when a wooden pavilion collapsed.

Mohammad Bin Tughlaq

Detailed Map of Mohammad Bin Tughlaq empire

Mohammad Bin Tughlaq

Detailed Map of Mohammad Bin Tughlaq empire

  • Most educated sultan of Delhi.

  • Known as the 'Wisest Fool'.

  • Experimentative nature. His main experiments were:

  • shifting of the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad (deogiri)

    • taxation of the Doab

    • introduction of token currency (adali)

    • planning of leading an expedition to Khurasan

    • Qarachil expedition in the Kumaon hills

  • Introduced agricultural reforms

  • 'Taqavi' and 'Sondhar' were the loans that were given to farmers.

  • Established a new department Diwan-i-Kohi to bring barren land under cultivation.

  • Established 'Diwan-i-Siyasat', to punish officers.

  • He died at Thatta

Feroz Shah Tughlaq

Detailed Map of Feroz Shah Tughlaq empier

Feroz Shah Tughlaq

Detailed Map of Feroz Shah Tughlaq empier

  • He created two departments

    • Diwan-i-Bandagan, i.e. department of slaves

    • Diwan-i-Khairat.

  • He founded a lot of towns:

    • Jaunpur Hissar

    • Ferozpur near Badayun

    • Ferozabad Fatehabad

  • He wrote a book 'Futuhat-i-Firozshahi'

  • He abolished amputation

  • At Jama Masjid he read the names of all the Delhi Sultans except Qutubuddin Aibak.

  • He abandoned 23 taxes and imposed only four taxes as allowed by the shariat: Kharaj, Khums, Zakat, and Jaziya.

  • Imposed irrigation tax, Haq-i-Sharb (10% of produce).

  • Constructed new canals called Anhar-i-Amma.

  • Repaired Allaudin Khalji's Hauz-i-Hahi (a canal) and Ntutmish's Hauz-i-Shamsi.

  • Banned the sale of slaves.

  • Under Diwan-i-Bandagan 1,80,000 slaves were employed.

  • In 1360, he led an expedition to the Nagarkot. The king of Nagarkot was defeated and the temple of Jwalamukhi was looted and plundered.

Later Tughluqs

Ghiyasudin TugMaq Shah II

  • Original name was Fateh Khan.

  • Wazir was malik Zada Feroz.

Abu Bakr Naseeruddin Mohammad Shah

  • Invaded Kannauj

  • Died at Jaieshar

  • Succeeded by Prince Humayun.

  • Prince Humayun assumed title Allaudin Slander Shah but he died within six weeks.

Naseeruddin Mehmud Shah

  • Lord of the worlds whose territory extended from Delhi to Palam.

  • During his reign, Taimur Lang (1398 A.P-) invaded Delhi.

  • Both Naseeruddin Mehmud and his minister Malu fled.

  • After his departure Malu along with Naseeruddin Mehmud returned back to Delhi.

  • During the oblivion period of two years, they lived in Gujarat.

  • Sultan Naseeruddin died in 1412.