Society and Economy Panchamahayagya

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Society and Economy

  • Sapinda: Blood relations on the mother՚s side; persons on thee same gotra on thee father՚s side
  • Varnasamkara: castes emerged due to foreign, prohibited and communal marriages
  • Grhyasutra mentions about Samskara:
  • Garbhadhana: to promote conception
  • Pumsavana: to procuree a male child
  • Simantonnayana: to ensure safety to child in womb
  • Jatakarma: birth ceremony before cutting of umbilical chord
  • Namakarna: the naming ceremony on the 10th or 12th day after birth.
  • Niskarma: child taken out of home and shown the sun for the first time
  • Annaprasanna: first feeding of solid food
  • Chudakarma: took place in the 3rd year of boys
  • Karnavedha: Ear-piercing
  • Vidyarambha: Between 5 and 7
  • Investiture: Upanayana - Second birth - which is ideal for the Bra - 8 year; Kshatriyas - 10 years; Vaisyas - 12 years
  • Vedaramha: studing of Veda
  • Kesanta: the first saving of beard
  • Samavartana: the ritual ending of the student life
  • Vivaha: marriage
  • Antyesti: the funeral ritual
  • In Manusmriti: 12 Samaskaras mentioned; in Grihya Sutra between 12 to 18; and in Gautama՚s Dharamsutras 16.
  • Gotra: for the first time appeared in the Athrava Veda
  • Chandrayana: Appeared in Baudhayana Sutra, which means a man marrying the same gotra must perform Chandrayana penance.
  • Kalivarjya: Widow Remarriage - customs once permissible.
  • According to Arthashastra: mere are three types of Conquests:
  • Dharamavijya- Righteous conquest
  • Zhowijaya: Greed Conquest
  • Aasuravijya: Demonic Conquest

Panchamahayagya

  • Gautama regarded Panchamahayagya as a part of the Sansakara
  • Brahama Yagya: for in-tellectual growth, for Gurus;
  • Deva Yagya: To get rid of the obligations and loans of the God;
  • Butta Yagya: from life loan;
  • Pitri yagya: from the loan of fa-thfir;
  • AthithiYagya: from the loan of the whole society
  • Srauta yagya: Gautama has mentioned Sapt Havir yagya According to Asvalayana
  • Aganayaya: two days ritual of wife and husband with four priests;
  • Dashapurnanmasha;
  • Chaturmasha;
  • Agrayana: related to Agriculture;
  • Kamayesti: Age, wealth, son, health;
  • Agnistoma: Basically, it is a kind of Soma Yagya; according to Gautama, Soma Yagya were of seven types:
  • Agnistoma,
  • Atyarinstoma,
  • Ukashya,
  • Shodasina,
  • Vajpeya
  • Attiratra,
  • Apttoyarma

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