NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 10: Traders, Kings and Pilgrims YouTube Lecture Handouts

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 428K)

Get video tutorial on: https://www.youtube.com/c/Examrace

Watch video lecture on YouTube: NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 10: Traders, Pilgrims & Kings NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 10: Traders, Pilgrims & Kings
Loading Video

NCERT Class 6 History

Chapter 10: Traders, Kings and Pilgrims

  • South India: Gold, spices, pepper, & precious stones

  • Roman Empire: Pepper – black gold

Image of South India

Image of South India

Image of South India

  • Muvendar (3 chiefs) – head of 3 families – Cholas, Cheras & Pandyas (2300 yrs ago) – each with 2 centers (1 inland & 1 port)

  • Cholas Port - Puhar or Kaveripattinam

  • Cholas Capital - Uraiyur

  • Pandyas Capital – Madurai

  • Pandyas Port – Korkai

  • Cheras Capital – Vanji

  • Cheras Port - Tondi & Musiri

Image of South India Sangam Period

Image of South India Sangam Period

Image of South India Sangam Period

Sangam Period

  • No regular tax

  • Tribute from neighboring area

  • Kept some wealth & distributed rest

  • Poems in praise of chief & were rewarded

Satavahanas

  • In West India

  • Ruler - Gautamiputra Shri Satakarni (about him from inscription by his mother - Gautami Balashri)

  • Kings called as dakshinapatha (route leading to south)

  • 1st ruler – Simuka

  • Last ruler – Yajnasri Satakarni

Silk Route

Image of Silk Route

Image of Silk Route

Image of Silk Route

Kushanas

  • Best ruler of Silk Route period – 2000 yrs ago

  • Peshawar and Mathura – center of power

  • Taxila – included

  • Branch extended till Indus R. – shipped west to Rome

  • Earliest to issue gold coins – used for trade

  • Major ruler – Kanishka (1900 yrs ago)

Image of Kushanas Empire

Image of Kushanas Empire

Image of Kushanas Empire

Buddhism

  • Kanishka – Buddhists Council

  • Ashvaghosha (poet): Composed biography of Buddha (Buddhacharita) lived in his court – Wrote in Sanskrit

  • Mahayana Buddhism – Statues of Buddha (Mathura, Taxila) – before it was signs like peepal tree.

  • Bodhisattvas – Attain enlightment (isolation & meditate) rather remain in world & teach in C. Asia, Korea, Japan & China

  • Spread to West & South – caves carved out – kings, queens and merchants

  • Spread to Southeast – Myanmar, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Indonesia – Theravada Buddhism

Image of Two Sects of Buddhism

Image of Two Sects of Buddhism

Image of Two Sects of Buddhism

Pilgrims

  • Journey to holy places

  • Fa Xian (1600 yrs ago) – Chinese Buddhist Pilgrims

  • Xuan Zang (1400 yrs ago)

  • I-Qing

Bhakti

  • Word “Bhaj” meaning divide or share

  • Devotee – Bhakta/Bhagvata shares bhaga (good fortune)

  • Hinduism: Shiva, Vishnu & Durga

  • Anybody – rich or poor, high or low caste, man or woman

  • Given in Bhagvad Gita, Mahabharata

  • Krishna – Asks to abandon dharma & take refuge in him

  • Moved to individual worship from elaborate sacrifices

  • If devotee worship with pure heart, deity will appear

  • Appar: Shiva Bhakta - 1400 yrs ago & was vellala

Christianity

  • 2000 yrs ago in West Asia

  • Christ born in Bethlehem (part of Roman Empire)

  • Savior of the world

  • Treat others as you want yourselves to be treated

  • Spread to West Asia, Africa and Europe

  • In Kerala - Syrian Christians (amongst oldest Christian communities in the world)