NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 11: New Empires & Kingdoms YouTube Lecture Handouts

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NCERT Class 6 History

Chapter 11: New Empires & Kingdoms

Prashasti (Praise Of) - Gupta Empire

  • Harishena (poet) – Samudragupta (Arvind) – 1700 yrs ago - inscribed on Ashokan pillar at Allahabad – Sanskrit

  • Harishena - maha-danda-nayaka, or chief judicial officer / kumar-amatya, important minister / sandhi-vigrahika, minister of war and peace

  • Nagarashreshthi or chief banker or merchant of the city

  • Sarthavaha or leader of the merchant caravans

  • Prathama-kulika or the chief craftsman

  • Head of the kayasthas or scribes

Image of Prashasti - Gupta Empire

Image of Prashasti - Gupta Empire

Image of Prashasti - Gupta Empire

Genealogy – Gupta Empire

Harshavardhana

  • 1400 yrs ago

  • Banabhatta (poet) – wrote Harshacharita – Sanskrit

  • Accounts by Xuan Zang

  • Not eldest but became king of Thanesar after father & eldest brother died

  • Brother in law (king of Kannauj) killed by Bengal king – acquired Kannauj

  • Conquered Magadha & Bengal

  • Stopped by Pulakeshin II, Chalukya king in south

Image of Empire of Harshavardhana

Image of Empire of Harshavardhana

Image of Empire of Harshavardhana

South India

  • Pallavas: from capital Kanchipuram to Kaveri delta

  • Chalukyas: Raichur Doab, between rivers Krishna and Tungabhadra

  • Aihole: capital of Chalukyas – trade, religious center – known for temples

Image of South India

Image of South India

Image of South India

South India

  • Sabha, assembly of Brahmin land owners

  • Ur, village assembly where land owners were not Brahmins

  • Nagaram, organization of merchants

Kalidasa

  • King & Brahmin – Sanskrit

  • Women & men – Prakrit

  • Play Abhijnana Shakuntalam: story of king Dushyanta and woman Shakuntala (STORY)

Arabia

  • Arab merchants b/w India & Europe

  • Bedouins: pastoral tribes

  • Prophet Muhammad: Introduced Islam in Arabia – 1400 yrs ago – stressed on equality before Allah – spread to North Africa, Spain, Iran and India

  • Arabs conquered Sindh – 1300 yrs ago