NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 3: From Gathering to Growing Food YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Rise of Farming & Storage

Table for Rise of Farming & Storage
Table For Rise of Farming & Storage

Grain And Bones

Sites

Wheat, Barley, Sheep, Goat, Cattle

Mehrgarh ( In Present day-Pakistan)

Rice, Fragmentary

Animal Bones

Koldihwa (In Present-day Uttar Pradesh

Rice, Cattle (hoof marks on clay surface)

Mahagara (In Present-day Uttar Pradesh)

Wheat and lentil

Gufkral (In Present-day Kashmir)

Wheat and lentil, dog, cattle, sheep, goat, buffalo,

Burzahom (In present-day Kashmir)

Wheat, green gram, barley, buffalo, ox

Chirand (In Present-day Bihar)

Millet, cattle, sheep, goat, pig

Hallaur (In Present-day Andhra Pradesh)

Black gram, millet, cattle, sheep, pig

Paiyampalli (in present-day Andhra Pradesh)

These are just some of the sites from which and bones have been found.

To a Settled Life

  • Burzahom (Kashmir): Pit-houses - dug into ground, with steps leading into them – protect in cold

  • Neolithic Tools: Fine cutting edge – for mortars and pestles to grind grains

  • Earthen Pots: Cooking, Storage

  • Cloth Weaving: Cotton

  • Sedentary Life: Farming & Herding

Customs & Practices

  • Lived in groups as Tribes – had leaders

  • Women: Agricultural work - prepare ground, sow seeds etc. ; thresh, husk, and grind grain

  • Children: Look after plants, drive away animals.

  • Men: Led large herds of animals in search of pasture.

  • Children: Led small flocks

  • Men & Women: Cleaning of animals and milking, making pots, baskets, tools and huts

Mehrgarh

  • Near Bolan pass in Iran

  • Learnt to grew barley & wheat & rear sheep and goat for 1st time in this area

  • Bones of deer, pig, sheep, goat & cattle

  • Square & rectangular houses – 4 or more compartments & storage

  • Believed in life after death – burial sites –buried with animals

Daojali Hading

  • On the hills near Brahmaputra Valley

  • Near routes to China and Myanmar

  • Stone tools: Mortars and pestles

  • Grow grain & prepare food

  • Jadeite, stone brought from China

  • Tools of fossil wood & pottery