NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 5: What Books and Burials Tell Us YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Vedas

  • Rigveda- oldest, 1000 hymns (suktas – “well said”) by rishis, 3 Gods – in “old or Vedic Sanskrit” - dialogues

    • Agni: God of fire

    • Indra: Warrior god

    • Soma: Plant from which a drink is made

  • Samaveda – musical notes and chanting

  • Yajurveda – rituals and sacrifices

  • Atharvaveda – spells and charms

Divisions or Parts of Vedas

Image of Divisions or Parts of Vedas for History

Image of Divisions or Parts of Vedas for History

Image of Divisions or Parts of Vedas for History

People

  • Brahmins: Priests

  • Rajas: Performed rituals – no capital cities, palaces, armies, no tax collection, sons not succeed father

  • Jan/Vish (Vaishya) - Puru jana, Bharata jana, Yadu jana

  • Aryas: composed hymns

  • Dasas or Dasyus: Opponents, slaves captured in war

Stone Buildings

  • Megaliths – big stones to mark burial sites – Deccan, NE and Kashmir – were surface or underground – known as cist

  • Buried in pots – black & red ware – tools, weapons, ornaments

Inamgoan

  • On river Ghod, tributary of Bhima

  • Adult buried in ground with head in north

  • With vessels of food and water

  • Man buried in clay jar in courtyard of house – in cross legged position

  • China – writings on animal bones (oracle bones), king in palaces and bronze vessels