NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 6: Kingdoms, Kings and Early Republic YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Ashvamedha

Image of Ashvamedha For History

Image of Ashvamedha for History

Image of Ashvamedha For History

Varna System – Based on Birth

  • Brahmin

  • Kshatriyas

  • Vaishyas – farmers, herders and traders

  • Shudras – untouchables

Some kings didn’t accept it. They considered themselves superior to priests

Janapadas

  • Land where jana set their foot

  • Purana Qila in Delhi

  • Hastinapur near Meerut (UP)

  • Atranjikhera near Etah (UP)

Mahajanapadas

  • Capital city which was fortified (wall of brick, wood and stone)

  • Forts to protect from attack, show wealth, lot of labour

  • New rajas had army – regular salary

  • Punch marked coins

  • Levied regular tax

  • Use iron ploughshare instead wooden

  • Transplanting paddy (more production) – slaves (dasis) & landless labourers (kammakaras)

Magadha – Mahajanapadas

  • Ganga and Son - transport, water supplies & land fertile

  • Forest – elephants, wood for building house and chariots

  • Bimbisara & Ajatasattu & Mahapadma Nanda

  • Capital – Rajagriha (Bihar) to Pataliputra (Patna)

  • Alexander didn’t march further than Beas as his army was scared of Indian rulers

Vajji

  • Capital – Vaishali (Bihar)

  • Government as ganas and sanghas

  • 1000s of rajas ruled together – met in assemblies (women, dasas and kammakaras not allowed)

  • Buddha and Mahavira

  • Powerful rajas tried to conquer sanghas – last was conquered by Guptas