NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 7: New Questions and Ideas YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Buddhism: 4 Noble Truths

  • Life is Suffering (Dukkha)

  • Cause is thirst or Tanha (Samudaya)

  • Hope for the cure (Nirhodha)

  • Treatment as “8-fold path” (Magga)

8 – Fold Path (Buddhism)

8-Fold Path (Buddhism) Image - 1

8-Fold Path (Buddhism) Image - 1

8-Fold Path (Buddhism) Image - 1

Spread

Spread For History Image - 2

Spread for History Image - 2

Spread For History Image - 2

Upanishads

  • Upanishads (Vedantas)

  • Gargi (Female)

  • Satyakama Jabala (son of slave Jabali)

  • Later developed by Shankaracharya

Panini – Prepared grammar for Sanskrit, arranged vowels and consonants in special order

Jainism (Born – Kundagrama & Died - Pawapuri)

Jainism (Born - Kundagrama and Died - Pawapuri) For History Image - 3

Jainism (Born - Kundagrama and Died - Pawapuri) for History Image - 3

Jainism (Born - Kundagrama and Died - Pawapuri) For History Image - 3

Jainism (Born - Kundagrama and Died - Pawapuri) For History Image - 4

Jainism (Born - Kundagrama and Died - Pawapuri) for History Image - 4

Jainism (Born - Kundagrama and Died - Pawapuri) For History Image - 4

Similarities

  • Language – Prakrit

  • Princely Families

  • Denied God & Vedas

  • Accepted Karma, rebirth and moksha

  • Opposed animal sacrifices

  • People from all castes were accepted (no Varna system)

  • Right conduct

  • Divided in 2 sects

  • 3 texts in both – Vinaypitaka (rules for Buddhist sanghas), Suttapitaka and Abidhamma pitak (Buddhism); Anga, Upanga and Mulgrajitha (Jainism)

  • Triratna - Budhha, Dhamma and Sangha (Buddhism); right philosophy right knowledge and right character

Dissimilarities

Table of Dissililarities for History
Table of Dissililarities For History

Buddhism

Jainism

Ahimsa: Followed Ahimsa

Strict on Ahmisa

Soul: Not believed in soul

Existence of soul

Conduct: 8 fold path

Tri-ratna

Texts in: Pali

Sanskrit & Prakrit

Caste System: Highly Opposed

Opposed

Royal Support: Ashoka & Kanishka

By None

Spread: Outside India

Attain Moksha: By Sangha

Within India

By Fast

Attain Moksha: While being alive

Only after Death

Life Style

  • Temporary houses

  • Permanent houses - Viharas

Ashramas

Ashramas For History Image - 6

Ashramas for History Image - 6

Ashramas For History Image - 6

Zoroaster – Iranian Prophet

  • Iran

  • Book – Avesta

  • Worship place – Fire Temple

  • Good Thoughts

  • Good Words

  • Good Deeds

  • Iran to Gujarat & Maharashtra – Called Parsis

Zoroaster - Iranian Prophet For History Image - 7

Zoroaster - Iranian Prophet for History Image - 7

Zoroaster - Iranian Prophet For History Image - 7