NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 8: Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Image of Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War For History

Image of Ashoka, the Emperor Who Gave up War for History

Image of Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War For History

Dynasty

Image of Dynasty For History

Image of Dynasty for History

Image of Dynasty For History

Image of Maurya Dynasty In 265 BCE For History

Image of Maurya Dynasty in 265 BCE for History

Image of Maurya Dynasty In 265 BCE For History

Why an Empire?

  • Needed more resources than kings

  • Empires were large

  • Big Army

  • More tax collection

Tax Versus Tribute

Greek King - Seleucus Nicator

Sent Megasthenes (ambassador)

About Mauryan King – His Grandeur

  • Someone might kill him

  • Servant taste food before him

  • Never sleep in same room twice

About Patliputra –

  • Surrounded by wall

  • 570 towers and 64 gates

  • Palace of wood with stone carvings

  • Ample of Gardens

  • 7 castes by occupation: philosophers (exempt from taxes), farmers, soldiers, herdsmen, artisans, magistrates and councillors – Romila Thappar

Ashoka

  • First to take his message by inscriptions to people

  • Inscriptions in Prakrit, Written in Brahmi Script

  • Fought Kalinga War at Odisha - bloodshed

  • Only king in world who gave up conquest after winning war

Mauryan pillar found in Rampurwa, Bihar is now been placed in Rashtrapati Bhavan

Ashoka’S Dhamma

  • No God or sacrifice

  • Teach his subjects

  • Inspired by Buddha

  • Appointed dhamma mahamatta – preach teaching

  • Inscribed messages on rocks & pillars

  • Sent people to Syria, Egypt, Greece and Sri Lanka

  • Arranged medical treatment & built houses

What Next After Mauryans?

Image of What Next After Mauryans? For History

Image of What Next After Mauryans? For History

Image of What Next After Mauryans? For History

Great Wall of China

  • Before Mauryan – about 2400 yrs ago

  • Protect from attacks of north

  • Additions made 2000 yrs ago as frontiers shifted

  • 6400 km long

  • Watch towers at 100-200 km away