Post-Maurya or Pre-Gupta Period: Positive Successors of Maurya՚s

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Positive Successors of Maurya՚s

Sunga՚s

Assassination of Brihadratha the last Maury ruler by his Brahmin commander in-chief Pushyamitra Sunga and the found ration of the Sunga dynasty Agni Mitra son and successor of Pushyamitra he was the hero of Kailas Malauikagnimitram Bhagavatism or Balabhadra- penultimate Sunga figure՚s in the Besmear Inscription Devabhuti-last Sunga killed by his minis term Vasudeva Capital – Visas in M. P

Kavas

Replacement of the Sunga՚s by another Brahe Mir dynasty that of canvas Vasudeva- founder capital- Pataliputra Suleiman last Kana killed by one of the Satavahas their decline due to the expansion of the Satavahas in the Deccan and the forcing dynasties in north India

Satavahas

Satavahas Dynasty

Origin

  • In the Deccan, the Satavahas ruled continuously for 460 veers. Historians are often confronted with the problem of the original home of the Satavahas, the inning of their dynastic name and the title Satakarni The Aitareya Brahman a speaks of them as the degenerate sons of Visvamitra. In the Asoka inscriptions the Andhra՚s are mentioned as border people.
  • The argument that the early records of The Satavahanas have been discovering in Maharashtra alone no longer holds good only two inscriptions Nana hat and Nasik and a few coins were disco erred in Maharashtra But recent exact ovations in the Telangana districts of A . P resulted in the discovery of a large numb beer of Satavahanas coins and seals At Kotilingaia several coins of Samkhya the founder the Satavahanas dynasty and those of other early rulers like Kanha and Satakarni 1 were found These discover is testify to the fact Telangana was the nucleus of the Satavahas empire Fur there the description of Satakarni 1 as Dakshinapathapathi in the Nana hat inscription proves that the Satvahanas dominion was not confined to western Deccan alone but included other areas of the Deccan and beyond
  • The connotation of Satavahanas and Satakarni is the subject matter of great controversy. Satavahanas is a Procrit form of ‘Satavahanas, which means the solar origin of the dynasty Satakarni is the surname borne by the Satavahanas. They were looked upon by some as Brahmins. While others represent them as of mixed Brahmin and Naga origin. In the Nasik inscription of Balasore, Gautama- puram Satakarni is called’ Eka brahmana which means either unrivalled Brahmin or the only protector of the Brahmins

Earl Satavahanas

  • The first ruler was Sambuca He was liberal to Buddhists and Jain as though he followed Brahmanism
  • Stimuli ′ s successor was his younger brother Kanha (Krishna) who extended the kingdom up to Nasik in the west (iii) The third king Sri Satakarni law ′ s Sambuca ′ s son He conquered western Malawi Anupam (Narmada valley) and VIdarbha (Berar) He performed some Vedic sacrifices including Asvamedha ′ and Rajasuya
  • The sixth king of the line was Satakarni LL who wrested eastern Malawi from the Sunga՚s
  • Satakarni Loll՚s successor was Lambodara who was followed by his son Apelike the eighth king of the line From Apelike to Hali the seventeen king of the line is a period of unrelieved dark ness.
  • Hali՚s reign of five years was a period of great prosperity. Hali himself composed Gathasptasati (also called the states) , an anthology of 700 erotic verses in Maharashtra or Paisa chi Procrit.
  • The Satavahanas suffered a temporary eclipse when the (western Saka satrapies) invaded the empire Mahayana the western satrap, was in possession of Gujarat, Kathiawar, northern Maharashtra as well as some portions of southern Maharashtra.

Later Satavahanas

  • After half a century of political eclipse the Satavahanas power leapt into prom nonce under Gautamiputra Satakarni the greatest of the Satavahanas. His achievements are recorded in glowing terms in the Nasik Pragati by his mother, Gautama Balart. Gautamiputra overthrew Mahayana and recovered lost territories. To the Buddhists as well as the Brahmins, he made large donations His patronage of Brahmanism is revealed by the epithet Eka brahmana ′ .
  • Vikshipta Pulamayi I, extended the power up to the mouth of the Krishna This has been proved by his special type of coins-ship with double mast- found in the Coromandel cost which also demonstrate the special attention paid by the Satavahas to naval power and maritime trade During his reign the old stupa at Amravati was repaired en large and encased in richly sculptured marble slabs
  • Pulamayi successor Vasishtiputra sri Satakarni, married the daughter of Rudradaman. But the saka- Satavahanas conflict continue
  • The Pulamayi successor, Vasishtiputra Sri Satakarni married much of the area which liad been lost to the western satraps The numerous coins issued by him are of various denominations The minting of coins in large numbers was due to commercial prosperity and successful termination of hostilities with the Sakas

Successors of Satavahanas

The empire was partitioned among five mi- nor dynasties The northern provinces came under the sway of a collateral branch of the Satavahanas In the west the Abhors stab lashed themselves around Nasik the Ikshvakus carved out for themselves a king doom in the eastern (Krishna-Guntur region the Chute՚s controlled the far-flung areas or the south-western parts; and the Pal lavas filled the political vacuum in the south-east earn tracts

Cheats

Founded by Mahameghavarman; rose into prominence in the middle of the 1st century BC under Kharavela, whose achievements are given in detail in the Hathigumpha insure tion split of Kalinga into a number of prince polities and its decline after his death.

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