Delhi, Sayyid and Lodhi Dynasty & Tomb for Competitive Exams

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Delhi

Image of Present Delhi

Image of Present Delhi

Image of Present Delhi

Present Delhi is made of 7 cities

O Lalkot/Killa Rai Pithora by Rajput Tomar (1060 A.D.)

O Siri by Alauddin Khilji (1304 A.D.)

O Tughlaqabad by Giyassuddin Tughlaq (1321-1323 A.D.)

O Jahanpanah by Muhammad Tughlaq (1324 A.D.)

O Firozshah Kotla by Firozshah Tughlaq

O Delhi Shershahi/sgergadh by Sher shah Suri (1534 A.D.)

O Shahjahanbad by Shahjaha

Sayyid and Lodhi Dynasty

Image of tomb

Image of Tomb

Image of tomb

  • Unstable kingdom

  • Scarcity of money

  • Only tombs were made in this period

  • Sikandar lodhi established the city of Agra.

  • This architectural period during Sayyid and Lodhi dynasty was known as the period of the macabre Concept of double dome was introduced by Lodhis.

  • The three royal tombs of Mubarak Sayyid, Muhammed Sayyid, and Sikandar Lodi reflect the prototype of architecture during Sayyid and Lodhi dynasty.

  • It is a good example of a combination of the Hindu and Islamic styles of architecture.

  • The Hindu features include eight chhatris, each of them capped by a lotus finial with a decorative band around the base; corner ornamental pinnacles (guldastas) and chhajja.

Tomb

  • Hard structure

  • Jali work

  • Sayyids and Lodis constructed the tombs in two different forms; one pattern was based on octagonal plan surrounded by arched walkway with one storey in height and the other one was based on square plan without walkway with two or three storey in height.

  • Double Dome- A double dome is built of two layers. There is one layer inside which provides ceiling to the interior of the building.

  • The other layer is the outer one, which crowns the buildings.

  • The devices of double dome enable the ceiling inside to be placed lower and in better relation to the Interior space, it covers.

  • The attempts in the direction of Double Dome started with tomb of Taj Khan (1501) and the tomb of Sikandar Lodi (1518), both in Delhi.

  • However, the fully mature form of the double dome is seen, for the first time in India in the tomb of Humayun.

  • An important feature of the architecture during Sayyid and Lodi dynasty is the amazing measurements of height and width to match with the structure of the basements.

Double Dome

Image of Double Domb

Image of Double Domb

Image of Double Domb