Features of Indo-Islamic Architecture, Pietra Dura Technique & Arabesque Method for Competitive Exams

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Features of Indo-Islamic Architecture

  • Indo-Islamic style fully developed under Mughals.
  • Arch and dome method (arcuate style)
  • Existence of minar
  • Mortar used as a cementing agent to create arch and dome.
  • Avoided the representation of human beings.
  • Provided spaciousness, massiveness and breath to Hindu architecture.
  • Use of calligraphy pietradura technique
  • Use of arabesque method
  • Significance of light
  • Symmetry
  • Use of water in premises
  • Foresightening technique
  • Charbagh Style
Indo-Islamic Architecture

Use of Water

Water in Monuments
  • Cooling purpose
  • Mirror image
  • To add the beauty to the monument

Charbagh Style

  • Char bagh is a Persian style garden layout.
  • The quadrilateral garden is divided by walkways or flowing water into four smaller parts.
  • humayun՚s tomb, taj-mahal
Charbagh Style

Pietra Dura Technique

Pietra Dura Technique
  • It is a decorative art.
  • Also called Parchin Kari in South Asia, is a term for the inlay technique of using cut, and fitted, highly polished colored stones to create images.
  • The stonework, after the work is assembled loosely, is glued stone by stone to a substrate after having previously been “sliced and cut in different shape sections; and then assembled together so precisely that the contact between each section was practically invisible” .
  • Stability was achieved by grooving the undersides of the stones so that they interlocked, rather like a jigsaw puzzle, with everything held tautly in place by an encircling ‘frame’ .
  • It first appeared in Rome in the 16th century.

Arabesque Method

Arabesque Mathod
  • Method of design and decoration.
  • Under this technique, A continuous stem is drawn which splits regularly producing the series of conter poised leafy secondary stems which can in turn split again or returned to be reintegrated into the main stem.