End of Indus Valley Civilization & Mauryan and Post-Mauryan Period for Competitive Exams

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End of Indus Valley Civilization

Indus Valley Civilization
  • The Indus civilization ended in about C. B. C. probably due to the Aryan invasion of India.
  • Except for some antiquities of the copper hoard culture and ceramics, no trace of any plastic art is found during the next years.
  • This may perhaps be due to perishable materials like wood, which could not withstand the rigors of time.
  • The carvings of flat surface, as met with at Bharuch and Sanchi, are an echo of an earlier tradition in wood or ivory.
  • But this intervening period of about years is important, because it was during this time that a synthesis took place between the fertility cults of the Dravidians, who were the original inhabitants of India, and the Aryan elements of rites and rituals.

Mauryan and Post-Mauryan Period

Buddhist Art
  • Outside influence is present Persian and achaemenian
Court and Popular Art

Mauryan Period

Ashok Stambh
  • Time period 4th 3th centuries B. C.
  • Asoka, first mauryan to ‘think in stone’ .

Pillars

  • The great Buddhist Emperor Ashoka caused the erection of monolithic pillars of sandstone.
  • Asokan pillars were lofty freestanding monolithic columns erected on sacred sites.
  • 30 to 40 feet high, crowned by animal figures like the bull, lion and elephant
  • inscribed with the Buddhist concepts of morality, humanity and piety, which he wished his people to follow
  • Famous Ashokan pillars are from Lauriya Nandangarh in Bihar, Sanchi, and Sarnath.

Purpose

  • Symbol of state
  • To declare the victory
  • To spread the moral ideas.

Design of the Pillar

Design Pillar of Ashok Stambh

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