Jain Caves, Junagadh Caves, Bagh Caves, Elephanta Caves & Miscellaneous Caves for Competitive Exams

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Jain Caves

Jain Caves
  • Belong to the ninth and tenth centuries.
  • Belong to the Digambara sect
  • Reflect a strict sense of asceticism they are not relatively large as compared to others, but they present exceptionally detailed art works.
  • The most remarkable Jain shrines are the Chhota Kailash (cave ) , the Indra Sabha (cave ) , and the Jagannath Sabha (cave ) .
  • Amongst other devotional carvings, a place called Samavasarana can be found in Elora caves.
  • Samavasarana is of special interest to Jains, as it is a hall where the tirthankara preaches after attaining omniscience.
Indra Sabha
  • The Indra Sabha (Cave ) is a two storeyed cave with one more monolithic shrine in its court.
  • It has a very fine carving of the lotus flower on the ceiling.
  • It got the appellation “Indra Sabha” probably it is significantly ornate and because of the sculpture of the yaksha Matanga on an elephant, which was wrongly identified as that of Indra.
  • On the upper level of the double storied shrine excavated at the rear of the court, an U image of Ambika, the yakshini of Neminath, is found seated on her lion under a mango tree, laden with fruits.
  • Jagannath sabha is smaller than Indrasabha
  • Well-proportioned torana, within it is a seated mahavira.
  • Upper storey has images of tirthankaras.
  • On the top of the hill rock hewn statue of Parshwanath.

Junagadh Caves

Junagadh Caves
  • Time period around A. D.
  • Main feature Uparkot (citadel)
  • Lower portion halls
  • Its entrance is in the form of an arcway fine specimen of the hindu Torana
  • Many Buddhist caves
  • Site of Buddhist monastery
  • Halls, connected by winding staircases
  • Upper chamber a small refractory and a tank surrounded by corridor.
  • All supported by richly carved columns.

Bagh Caves

Bagh Caves
  • Near Bagh river, M. P.
  • Time period around th century CE.
  • Similar to Ajanta caves in all aspects.
  • Entirely Buddhist
  • Sandstone caves.
  • Beautiful fresco and sculptured stonework.

Elephanta Caves

Elephanta Caves
  • Time around 8th century A. D.
  • On the islands of elephant, off the Mumbai
  • natively known as Gharapurichi Leni
  • UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Island derived it name from the giant carving of an elephant that used to stand at the old landing stage.
  • Consists of two groups of caves the first is a large group of five Hindu caves, the second, a smaller group of two Buddhist caves.
  • The Hindu caves contain rock cut stone sculptures, representing the Shaiva.
  • The Elephanta cave resembles in some aspects the th century Rashtrakuta rock temple Kailash at Ellora.
  • The Trimurti of Elephanta showing the three faces of Shiva is akin to the Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh (Shiva) , which was the royal insignia of the Rashtrakutas. T
  • he Nataraja and Ardhanarishvara sculptures are also attributed to the Rashtrakutas
  • The ganesh gumpha one of the earliest example of Brahmanical temple
  • Inresting sculpture wedding of shiv parvati, shiv tandav, ardhnarishwar, ravan shaking kailasa

Miscellaneous Caves

Miscellaneous Caves
  • Nasik caves
  • Belongs to A. D. , also known as panduleni, Buddhist caves
  • Buddha represented in symbols throne, footprint
  • Undavalli caves
  • Near vijaywada, AP, TH century hindu cave temple
  • Cut into tiers along the slope of a black granite hill
  • Main attracton reclining statue of Vishnu, sculpted from a single block of granite
  • Udaygiri caves
  • rock cut chambers during gupta period
  • Cave varaha cave
  • Vital documents. Inscriptions
  • Eladipattam caves
  • At sittanavasal, B. C. to A. D.
  • Jain shelter inscriptions in brahm script, in tamil language
  • Site for kayotsarga and sallekhana