Manipuri, Sattriya & Kathak Dances for Competitive Exams

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Manipuri

Manipuri dance form

Manipuri Dance Form

Manipuri dance form

  • It originates from Manipur state.

  • Few features in its performance are:

    • Movements are subtle and aim at devotion and grace

    • Both elements nritta and natya are balanced here

    • Laasya aspect dominates

    • Focus-knee and hand movements, not on expression

    • Rounded movements without jerks and sharp lines

    • Dancers feet never strike the ground hard

  • Music is provided by a singer, ‘Pung’ (drum), cymbals and flute.

Image of Manipuri Dance Form

Image of Manipuri Dance Form

Image of Manipuri Dance Form

  • Costume includes:

  • Female dress called patloi and lehngas called kumin.

  • Transparent odni is worn on the head and covers the face.

  • Male- usually saffron dress depicting Lord Krishna

  • Dancers do not wear ankle bells in this dance form.

  • The dance attempts to connect body through curves with a pose in the shape of Nagbhanga mudra

  • Theme life of Vishnu,radha krishna

  • Contribution of Rabindranath Tagore he promoted Manipuri dance in shantiniketan.

Sattriya

Image of Sattriya

Image of Sattriya

Image of Sattriya

  • It originated in Assam state.

  • Traditionally performed by male monk’s bhokoths in monestries as part of daily rituals.

  • Promoted by bhakti Saint Shankar dev.

  • Performances are based on mythological stories and is performed by both men and women.

  • It is recognized as one of the classical dance forms of India in .

  • Devotional songs called borgeets are used.

  • 1st position called ora

  • Both tandav and laasya aspect involved

  • Instruments used are khols (drums), taals (cymbals) and flute.

  • Costumes are made of pat (type of silk).

  • Ornaments are based on traditional Assamese design.

Kathak

Image of Kathak Dance Form

Image of Kathak Dance Form

Image of Kathak Dance Form

  • Name is derived from Katha (story) and Katthaka (who tells stories).

  • It originates from North India.

  • Used to a temple dance, later royal patronage court entertainment.

  • Spontenity

  • Freedom

  • Room for innovation and improvisation.

  • There are three main gharanas or schools:

  • Lucknow

  • Jaipur

  • Benares

Image of Ghungroo

Image of Ghungroo

Image of Ghungroo

  • Based on Bhaav, raga and Taal

  • Usually dancers sing themselves

  • Emphasis on footwork

  • Fundamentally solo performance

  • Main attraction jugalbandhi between dancer and tabla artist

  • Theme radha Krishna

  • Dance progresses from slow to fast pieces.

  • Has Footwork & spins and includes abhinaya expression Performed on Hindusthani music provided by Tabla, Sitar, Santoor

  • Costume includes-Ghungroos or bells on the ankles

  • Female- lehenga choli or chudidaar kameez

  • Male- bare chest and dhoti or kurta churidar

  • Artists-Birju Maharaj,Lacchu Maharaj,Sitara Devi

  • Some kathaks are called gat Bhaav.