Details on Pal School, Apabransha School, & Mughal Paintings for Competitive Exams

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Pal School

Image of Pal School

Image of Pal School

  • Lonely human figures found

  • Mainly manuscript paintings

  • Initially done on palm leaf, later on paper

  • Theme Buddhist and Hinduism

  • Nature representation banana and coconut tree

Apabransha School

Image of Apabransha School

Image of Apabransha School

  • Mewar and Gujarat region

  • Theme Jain and Vaishnav

  • Characteristics

  • Bulgin eyes

  • Pointed nose

  • Double chin

  • Use of bright and gold colours

  • Figures are stiff

  • Animals and birds are represented as toys

Image of Medieval Paintings

Image of Medieval Paintings

Mughal Paintings

Image of Mughal Painting

Image of Mughal Painting

  • Indian, Persian and European influence

  • Mostly or generally miniature paintings

  • Use of brilliant colours

  • Accuracy in line drawing

  • Ornamentation

  • Variety of themes

  • Use of forsightening technique

Babur

  • No time for painting

  • Patronized a Persian painter Bihzad

Humayun

  • He brought 2 Persian painters

  • Abdus sammad

  • Mir sayyed Ali

  • So Persian influence is there

Akbar

Image of Akbar

Image of Akbar

Jahangir

Image of Jahangir

Image of Jahangir

Image of Birds and Animals

Image of Birds and Animals

  • Mughal period reached at its climax

  • Jahangir was naturalist-preferred paintings on the theme of birds,animals and other elements of nature like flowers

  • Portrait painting started

  • Decorated margins

  • He had his workshop too

  • Famous painter Ustad Mansoor

  • Famous paintings zebra,Turkey,maulaana do pyaaza

Shahjahan

Image of Shahjahan

Image of Shahjahan

  • Too much use of gold, silver and bright colours

  • Reduced liveliness

  • Artificial look

  • This unnatural look suggests European influence

  • Pencil drawing/sketching started

Aurangzeb

  • Discouraged paintings

  • Dispersal of artists from Mughal court

  • Hence the concept of regional school started

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