Seal of Pashupati, Terracotta Bronze, Stone Sculpture & Ornaments for Competitive Exams

Doorsteptutor material for competitive exams is prepared by world's top subject experts: get questions, notes, tests, video lectures and more- for all subjects of your exam.

Seal of Pashupati

  • This seal shows a seated figure of a Yogi, probably Shiva Pashupati, surrounded by four animals - a rhino, a buffalo, an elephant, and a tiger.
  • There are two deer shown under the throne.
  • Pashupati means the lord of animals.
  • Religion of the Harappan age
  • Most of these seals have a knob at the back through which runs a hole and it is believed that they were used by different guilds or merchants and traders for stamping purposes.

Purpose of the Seal

Purpose of Seal

Unit of trade and commerce found in Mesopotamia

  • Copper seal as an immolate
  • Proof-some seals had small hall in upper side.
  • As an education, tool-pie is shown in one seal.
  • Examples pashupati seal lord shiva type deity Unicorn seal bull.

Terracotta Sculpture

  • The sculptor at Mohenjo-Daro was adept in his art and could fashion both realistically as well as stylistically.
  • Technique hand made
  • Pinching method
  • Famous figures
  • Mother Goddess
Mother Goddess
  • from Mohenjo-Daro
  • Worshipped for fertility and prosperity
Toy Carts Terra Cotta
  • Toy carts The toy animal, with a moveable head
  • Birds and animals
  • Terracotta figure of a bull- shows the study of anatomy
  • The pair of squirrels- in a very natural and characteristic fashion seated on their haunches and nibbling at some fruit.

Bronze Sculpture

  • Technique lost wax method (cire Perdue)
  • Used for bronze casting.
  • At first the wax figures are covered with the coating of clay.
  • Then allowed it to dry.
  • Then it is heated and the molten wax is allowed to drain out through a tiny hall at the bottom of clay curve.
  • The hollow mould is then filled with bronze or any other metal.
  • Once the metal is cooled, the clay is removed.
  • Major sites kalibangan, Harappa, Diemabath

Dancing Girl Bronze

Bronze Dancing Girl
  • Found at Mohenjo Daro.
  • Naked sculpture a naked woman only wearing ornaments
  • Bengles, necklace, emulates and a particular hairstyle.
  • Figure shows a female dancing figure standing as if relaxing after a dance number, with her right hand on her hip and the left dangling free.

Stone Sculpture

Stone Sculpture
  • Bearded priest
  • from Mohenjo-Daro
  • Weaving a shawl with trefoil pattern.
  • It bears a close resemblance to a similar figure discovered in the Sumerian sites of Ur and Susa.
  • Male torso made of red limestone.
  • From Harappa
  • Remarkable for its naturalistic pose and sophisticated modelling, highlighting its physical beauty.
  • The head and arms of this figure were carved separately and socketed into the drilled holes of the torso.
  • The figure of a male dancer belonging to the same period and discovered at Harappa


  • Use of ornaments by both male and female
  • Large variety of material-bne, precious metal, gem stone, begged clay
  • Some unisex ornaments-necklace, armlets etc.
  • Evidences of dead bodies with ornaments.
  • Spinning of cotton and wool.
  • Consciousness of fashion.
  • Cillabar was used as a cosmetic
  • Variety of cosmetics-lipstick , eye-liner, face paint