Beginning of Human Representation of Buddha & Schools and Their Features for Competitive Exams

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Beginning of Human Representation of Buddha

  • After Alexander՚s invasion of India in B. C. , the Indo-Greek, Indo Scythian, and Kushan kings ruled over its northwestern territories.
  • Under their patronage emerged a distinct style of sculpture, popularly known as the Greco Roman, Buddhist, or Gandhara art.
  • It was a product of the combination of Hellenistic, West Asiatic and native elements. Greek and Roman techniques, modified according to Indian requirements, were employed in fashioning the Gandhara sculpture.
  • His person was given some of the 32 suspicious bodily signs associated with the Mahapurushalakshana, such as the protuberance of the skull, the hair-knot, bindi between the eyebrows and elongated ears
  • In each case, it was produced by the local artist craftsmen working in the local tradition. At Mathura, it clearly emerges from the Yaksha tradition.
  • The Gandhara image might seem to resemble Apollo in some extraneous forms and does look characteristically Greco-Roman in drapery,
  • However, even there most of the images represent Buddha as seated in the typically Indian Yogic posture, a feature completely unknown to the Hellenistic tradition of art.

Schools and Their Features

  • Gandhar school of sculpture
  • Mathura school of sculpture
  • Amravati School of sculpture
Ganghar, Mathura and Amravati
Gandhar, Mathura and Amravati

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